Uganda currently hosts more than 1.4 million refugees and asylum seekers from neighbouring countries. Refugees mainly come from South Sudan (1 million) and DRC (276,000), but also Burundi (40,500) and Somalia (37,000). ?Over 37,000 refugees and asylum seekers are from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Sudan, and other countries of origin. ? Refugees are largely hosted in settlements in Yumbe, Arua, Adjumani, Moyo, and Isingiro districts. ? 60% of the refugee population are children.? While South Sudanese continue to arrive in Uganda, the most recent spike in displacement has been caused by an escalation of violence in Ituri and Nord Kivu provinces of northeast DRC since December 2017. The high refugee numbers have increasingly strained the humanitarian response in Uganda.
INFORM measures Uganda's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.0/10. Lack of coping capacity is of concern, at 6.9/10. ?
Nutrition: SAM and GAM rates among refugees are of particular concern. Lack of food and/or nutritional diversity in food distribution was reported by refugees.? Malnutrition rates among new South Sudanese arrivals, at 14.9% - 21.5%, are critically high. ?Since August 2016, reductions in food assistance for refugees who arrived prior to July 2015 have led many refugees, including children, to cope by eating one meal a day. ?
Food security: A large proportion of refugees in Uganda depend on food assistance. Refugees are classified as Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in the presence of humanitarian assistance. ?Food distributions for refugees are often delayed and/or insufficient.?
WASH: As the number of refugees is constantly increasing, gaps in the provision of WASH services have been reported. Among refugees, sanitation coverage is below 40%. ?Limited water points serve a large refugee population, leading to long waiting lines.?
Protection: Protection issues mainly concern the violent repression of political activists and opposition parties, as well as the situation of refugee children, who are exposed to exploitation, discrimination, and abuse. ?There are significant child protection challenges in Uganda, including concerns about refugee girls being forced into prostitution in the country.?
Information Gaps and needs
Information on protection issues amongst the refugee population is lacking.