Uganda hosts over 1 million refugees and asylum seekers, the majority from South Sudan and DRC, but also from Burundi and Somalia. ? They are hosted in 30 settlements, primarily in Northern and Western regions?.  South Sudanese and Congolese continue to arrive in low numbers. The continuous arrivals have strained Uganda's limited public services and local resources including land, firewood, and water, creating tension between refugees and host communities?. 70% of refugees are estimated to live below the national poverty standards?

Chronic food insecurity is present at minimal levels in Uganda, mostly in Karamoja region where 40% of households are Stressed and 10-13% in Crisis, and in refugee settlements where access to land and livelihood opportunities are limited?. Reductions in food assistance for refugees who arrived prior to July 2015 result in many refugees, including children, eating only one meal a day?

The risk of measles, malaria, and cholera outbreaks is very high due to insufficient WASH facilities in reception centres and refugee settlements    .

INFORM measures Uganda's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.3/10. Lack of coping capacity is of concern, at 6.9/10. ?

Latest Developments

29/01: Since 2 January, 18 confirmed and 41 suspected cholera cases, including two deaths (CRF 11%), have been registered. Most reported cases are in Kaboowa, Kampala. Water points need to be cleaned, access to health services ensured, and awareness among citizens increased.?

Key figures

  • 2,300,000 People in need  [?]
  • 1,154,000 Refugees  [?]
  • 785,000 Refugees from South Sudan  [?]
  • 284,000 Refugees from DRC  [?]

Key priorities

Food security: Around 400,000 people are severely food insecure in Uganda. ? Without humanitarian assistance, refugees would likely go from Stressed to Crisis food insecurity levels. Food distributions for refugees are often delayed and/or insufficient. ?

Nutrition: Average GAM rates of 10-15% are common in most affected districts in Karamoja. ?SAM and GAM rates among refugees are of particular concern with a lack of food and/or nutritional diversity.  ?Malnutrition rates among new arrivals from South Sudanese and DRC are critically high at 14.9% - 21.5% . ?

WASH: Among refugees, sanitation coverage is below 40%. ?Limited water points serve a large refugee population, leading to long waiting lines. ? 


Information Gaps and needs

Information on protection issues and more recent updates on malnutrition rates amongst the refugee population is lacking.