Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)4.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.4.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
As the Syrian civil war has entered its 8th year, Syrians in- and outside the country continue to face severe humanitarian conditions. The Syrian regional crisis represents one of the largest displacement crises in the world.? Since the conflict started in 2011, an estimated 6,8 million refugees have left the country and sought shelter mostly in neighbouring Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon as well as in Iraq and Egypt.? Many of the refugees have now been in their host countries for many years and have an increasingly vulnerable position facing protection concerns and high rates of poverty. Inside Syria, some 6.2 million people are internally displaced.?
Regionally, close to 16 million Syrians are in need of humanitarian assistance. Needs in conflict-affected Syria remain dire. Millions are dependent on humanitarian assistance for their survival.? When only looking at the refugee population, some 4.2 million are in need. Syrian needs across the region include protection, access to health services and livelihood assistance. In Lebanon and Jordan, about 20% of the Syrians are residing in refugee settlements, and in Iraq, 38%. In Turkey and Egypt the vast majority of Syrian refugees live in urban centres.?
Across Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt, around 75.2% of the Syrians hope to eventually return to Syria.? However, the majority are not intending to do so in the near future. Although tensions with host communities have been increasing, family reunification and work opportunities rank higher as reasons for return.
5/12: Dozens of civilians have been killed in a new wave of airstrikes and ground attacks in southern Idleb, northern Hama, eastern Lattakia and western Aleppo governorates. Indiscriminate attacks by regime and allied forces, including on markets, hospitals and IDP camps, have increased in the northwest of Syria since late October. The increase in violence comes after a period of relative calm since the announcement of a ceasefire on 31 August. Some 400,000 people have been displaced since 1 May as a result of the hostilities. Humanitarian conditions in the northwest are dire and are expected to worsen as winter approaches. Over 630,000 people are staying in IDP camps. Displaced families living in tents and makeshift shelters are facing severe protection and health concerns as temperatures are dropping. Multi-sectoral needs are reported. ?
22/11: Despite recent ceasefire agreements, sporadic clashes between Turkish-backed armed forces, the Syrian Arab Army (SAA), and Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have continued in different locations across Hasakeh and Raqqa governorates in northeast Syria. Frontlines are highly fluid with both sides taking territory. Joint Russian-Turkish patrols started on 1 November indicating that the terms of the Sochi agreement of 22 October, that stipulated the removal of SDF troops from a planned buffer zone along the Turkish/Syrian border, continue to be implemented. ?
22/11: A military campaign launched by Turkey into the Kurdish-held territory in the northeast on 9 October, has had a severe impact on the civilian population in the area. Airstrikes and ground attacks have killed and injured hundreds of civilians. Despite a decrease in fighting since the implementation of a ceasefire, over 75,000 people remain displaced as of 19 November. The majority of the displaced are residing in host communities across Hasakeh, Raqqa and Aleppo governorates where towns are overwhelmed by the influx and services are overstretched. Some 58,000 IDPs are staying in 96 collective shelters, mostly schools. Infrastructure has been severely damaged. Increased food prices, restricted food supply and a disrupted planting season as a result of the clashes are likely to further strain the already dire food security situation in the region. The people living in northeast Syria have experienced multiple displacements, surrounding cities where people are likely to flee are heavily contaminated with mines and lack basic services, and IDP camps in the area are already overstretched due to years of conflict. Humanitarian operations are severely hampered by fighting, disrupted supply chains of humanitarian goods, and shifts in territorial control. ?