• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 3,711,000 People displaced [?]
  • 408,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



Since 2011, Turkey has been one of the main host countries for refugees fleeing violence and insecurity in Syria. As of August 2020, approximately 3.63 million Syrians are living in Turkey, where they have been granted temporary protection status by the Turkish government. ?More than 98% of the Syrian refugee population in Turkey live outside of formal camps. They reside mostly in rural areas in the southeast of Turkey and urban centres such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Kilis, with the remainder hosted in seven formal camps, primarily located in southeastern regions of the country. ?

In recent years, the number of Syrian arrivals in Turkey has remained relatively stable, largely as a result of a deal stuck between the Turkish government and the European Union in 2016 that made it more difficult for refugees to travel west from Turkey to Europe, as well as periodic closures of Turkey’s border with Syria. ?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team. 

Humanitarian Access



Humanitarian access in Turkey has remained stable, although COVID-19 restrictions have created new barriers. A lack of proper documentation and official refugee status bars many people from receiving humanitarian assistance. Contact tracing measures in administrative buildings and transport services require official documentation. As a result of the lengthy pro-cess required for refugees to obtain a work permit, some engage in informal labour, which puts them at a high risk of deportation if caught. Voluntary repatriation agreements signed by deception or coercion have also been reported. Humanitarian movement is limited in southern provinces affected by the Kurdish conflict, where access to the affected population is only possible for registered organisations.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.