• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 3,736,000 People displaced [?]
  • 411,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]



Since 2011, Turkey has been one of the main host countries for refugees fleeing violence and insecurity in Syria. As of August 2020, approximately 3.63 million Syrians are living in Turkey, where they have been granted temporary protection status by the Turkish government. ?More than 98% of the Syrian refugee population in Turkey live outside of formal camps. They reside mostly in rural areas in the southeast of Turkey and urban centres such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Kilis, with the remainder hosted in seven formal camps, primarily located in southeastern regions of the country. ?

In recent years, the number of Syrian arrivals in Turkey has remained relatively stable, largely as a result of a deal stuck between the Turkish government and the European Union in 2016 that made it more difficult for refugees to travel west from Turkey to Europe, as well as periodic closures of Turkey’s border with Syria. ?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team. 

Humanitarian Access



Humanitarian access in Turkey has remained constrained in the past six months. Refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants face difficulties in gaining access to services and assistance. Without official documentation, refugees cannot access essential services such as healthcare. Undocumented migrants and refugees are also at risk of detention and deportation. There are considerable delays in the registration process, particularly in applications for international protection.

The registration process for aid organisations is considered complex and time-consuming. Humanitarian agencies face interference by the Government in the implementation of humanitarian activities: government-appointed trustees closely monitor humanitarian organisations, and any efforts to raise funds from donors need government approval. Access of aid organisations to people in need in the Kurdish region is limited because of checkpoints, active fighting, and movement restrictions.

The presence of explosive remnants of war and mine contamination, especially in the east near the borders with Armenia, Iran, Iraq, and Syria, creates a hazardous environment for accessing and delivering humanitarian assistance.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.