Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Since 2011, Turkey has been one of the main host countries for refugees fleeing violence and insecurity in Syria. To date, approximately 3.6 million Syrians are living in Turkey, where they have been granted temporary protection status by the Turkish government. ?More than 95% of the Syrian refugee population in Turkey resides in urban centres such as Istanbul, Ankara, and Kilis, with the remainder hosted in camps, primarily in southeastern regions of the country. ?In recent years, the number of Syrian arrivals in Turkey has remained relatively stable, largely as a result of a deal stuck between the Turkish government and the European Union in 2016 that made it more difficult for refugees to travel west from Turkey to Europe, as well as periodic closures of Turkey’s border with Syria. ?
23/07: Approximately 1000 Syrians have been deported from Turkey to Syria following a recent government crackdown on unregistered refugees and those accused of entering Turkey illegally or committing a crime. Many of the deportees have reportedly been transported to the Turkey-Syria border near Idlib. Public opinion in Turkey towards Syrian refugees has been hardening since Turkey’s recent local elections, which featured prominent anti-Syrian rhetoric, and in the context of Turkey’s ongoing economic crisis. In late June in Istanbul, a number of Syrians and Syrian-owned businesses were targeted by mob violence which has raised concerns about their safety.?