• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 74 Fatalities reported [?]



Southeastern Turkey has been the site of conflict between Turkish government forces and Kurdish armed groups for more than 35 years. ? Since 2015, there has been an escalation in violence following the breakdown of a two-year ceasefire between the Turkish Government and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party. Violence became particularly severe in 2016, when clashes spread to southeastern urban areas such as Diryabakir, and has continued intermittently since then involving skirmishes, use of explosive devices, and airstrikes. About 15.4 million Kurdish are estimated to be in Turkey.? 

About 600 civilians and over 5,200 non-civilians have been killed between 20 July 2015 and 3 March 2022 because of the conflict.? Very little information exists on the humanitarian impact of the Kurdish conflict in southeastern Turkey, though some sources estimate that thousands of buildings have been destroyed in the fighting and up to 1.1 million people may be internally displaced.? 

Access remains highly constrained in the areas most affected by violence, which makes the delivery of assistance more difficult and contributes to large information gaps about humanitarian needs. It is not possible to provide an INFORM Severity Index score for the Kurdish conflict because of significant information gaps.

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team. 

Humanitarian Access



Humanitarian access in Turkey has remained stable, although COVID-19 restrictions have created new barriers. A lack of proper documentation and official refugee status bars many people from receiving humanitarian assistance. Contact tracing measures in administrative buildings and transport services require official documentation. As a result of the lengthy pro-cess required for refugees to obtain a work permit, some engage in informal labour, which puts them at a high risk of deportation if caught. Voluntary repatriation agreements signed by deception or coercion have also been reported. Humanitarian movement is limited in southern provinces affected by the Kurdish conflict, where access to the affected population is only possible for registered organisations.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.

Information Gaps and Needs


Information about the Kurdish Conflict in southeastern Turkey is extremely limited. The number of people who are affected and/or in need of humanitarian assistance is unknown. Significant information gaps are also present regarding the number of people who have been internally displaced by fighting.