Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)0 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
- 189 Fatalities reported [?]
Humanitarian Access Overview
Southeastern Turkey has been the site of conflict between Turkish government forces and Kurdish armed groups for more than 35 years. ?Since 2015, there has been an escalation in violence following the breakdown of a two-year ceasefire between the Turkish government and Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Violence became particularly severe in 2016 when clashes spread to southeastern urban areas such as Diryabakir, and has continued intermittently since then involving skirmishes, use of explosive devices, and airstrikes, among others. ?
Very little information exists about the humanitarian impact of the Kurdish conflict in southeastern Turkey, though some sources estimate that thousands of buildings have been destroyed in the fighting and up to 1.1 million people may be internally displaced. ?Access remains highly constrained in the areas most affected by violence, which makes the delivery of assistance more difficult, and contributes to large information gaps about humanitarian needs. It is not possible to provide a GCSI score for the Kurdish conflict because of significant information gaps.
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Humanitarian access in Turkey has remained stable, although COVID-19 restrictions have created new barriers. A lack of proper documentation and official refugee status bars many people from receiving humanitarian assistance. Contact tracing measures in administrative buildings and transport services require official documentation. As a result of the lengthy pro-cess required for refugees to obtain a work permit, some engage in informal labour, which puts them at a high risk of deportation if caught. Voluntary repatriation agreements signed by deception or coercion have also been reported. Humanitarian movement is limited in southern provinces affected by the Kurdish conflict, where access to the affected population is only possible for registered organisations.
Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.
Information Gaps and Needs
Information about the Kurdish Conflict in southeastern Turkey is extremely limited. The number of people who are affected and/or in need of humanitarian assistance is unknown. Significant information gaps are also present regarding the number of people who have been internally displaced by fighting.