Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.90 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.20 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.3.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
A 7.8 and a 7.6 magnitude earthquakes hit southeast Turkiye and northwest Syria at 4:17am and 1:45pm local time respectively on 6 February 2023?. Another 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit the same region on 20 February 2023. As at 6 March, in Türkiye, more than 46,000 people have been killed and 108,000 injured?The numbers of fatalities are expected to rise as an unknown number of people are still under collapsed buildings, waiting for rescue?. The number of missing people is unknown.
The affected areas in Turkiye are mainly the cities of Gaziantep, Kahraman Maras, Hatay, Osmaniye, Adiyaman, Malatya, Sanliurfa, Adana, Diyarbakir and Kilis.
More than 214,000 buildings have been damaged in Türkiye’s affected areas, including hospitals?In Türkiye, a hospital in Malatya and a hospital in Hatay have collapsed, affecting response to health needs of people injured from the earthquake?.
Both countries are experiencing a cold wave, people need heaters and non-food items for winter, since temperatures are reaching below-zero?. First aid and medical care is needed for injured people?. Ready to eat food is needed for people affected by the earthquake, especially for those who are staying in temporary shelters or are currently displaced ?. Blankets, kitchen kits, sleeping mats, thermal clothes, and camp beds in addition to essential winter-protective assistance will likely be needed for displaced people?.
Rescue teams were dispatched by the Turkish authorities to the affected areas area?.
On 6 February 2023, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit southeastern Türkiye and northwestern Syria at 4:17h (GMT+03:00), before a 7.6 magnitude earthquake hit the same region at 13:45h (GMT+03:00). On 20 February, another 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit the same region. As at 6 March, the crisis had killed more than 46,000 people and injured 108,000 in Türkiye and killed at least 5,900 people and injured 12,000 in Syria. The number of fatalities is expected to rise, and the overall number of missing people remains unknown. The affected areas in Türkiye are mainly the cities of Adana, Adiyaman, Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Hatay, Kahraman Maras, Kilis, Malatya, Osmaniye, and Sanliurfa. In Syria, the affected areas are Aleppo, Hama, Idleb, Latakkie, and Tartous governorates in Northwest Syria. The quakes also damaged more than 214,000 buildings (including hospitals) in Türkiye and 10,000 in northwestern Syria. Both countries are experiencing a cold wave. People need heaters and NFIs for winter, with temperatures reaching below zero. Injured people require first aid and medical care. Ready-to-eat food, blankets, kitchen kits, sleeping mats, thermal clothes, and camp beds are some of the immediate needs?
Anticipated increase in the number of fatalities reported in Gaziantep
As per the data as at 7 February, shared by IFRC on destroyed buildings and casualties (injured and killed) in Türkiye following the earthquake, Gazantiep province shows the highest number of destroyed buildings but a lower proportion of deaths compared to the number of buildings destroyed. This is likely given to search and rescue efforts still ongoing, with the possibility that when these are halted the number of people killed by the earthquake in Gaziantep province will significantly increase.
Türkiye-Syria earthquake data package
ACAPS supports the Türkiye-Syria earthquake response with a repository of pre-earthquake and crisis data.