Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.2.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.2.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Türkiye is an important country of transit and destination for refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants. The country hosts about four million people seeking international protection. Over 3,700,000 registered Syrian refugees were present in Turkey as at January 2022. Türkiye also hosted over 29,000 refugees and asylum seekers mainly from Afghanistan, Iran, and Iraq as at January 2022. There were over 1,320,000 foreign nationals with residency permits as at January 2022. ?
Despite humanitarian response, refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants in Turkey have humanitarian needs across a number of sectors. The June 2021 Inter-Agency Protection Sector Needs Assessment found that among the Syrian refugee population, 69% of responders are struggling to meet food costs, 65% are struggling to meet rent or housing costs, and 39% are struggling to meet utilities costs. Syrian refugees are coping by reducing food expenses or borrowing money from friends or family.? Migrants are also vulnerable to human trafficking and are likely to be at risk of push back by the Turkish coast guard.?
The number of refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers passing through Türkiye to Europe has decreased since the height of the European Migrant Crisis in 2015, but the route remains significant. Thousands of people continue to cross to Europe via Türkiye's land borders with Greece and Bulgaria, as well as by sea.? COVID-19 containment measures, such as movement restrictions, have reduced the numbers of people attempting to cross to Europe.?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Türkiye faced moderate humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 2/5 in ACAPS’ Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation has improved from the last assessment because the reports of voluntary returns of Syrian refugees to unsafe places did not go along with a denial of humanitarian entitlement to assistance in the past six months.
For more information, you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – December 2022.