• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints



Since 2014, the Eastern Mediterranean migration route has been an important pathway for refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants crossing to Europe from the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. Migration along the eastern Mediterranean route peaked in 2015 when more than 850,000 people arrived in Greece after passing through Türkiye.?New arrivals significantly decreased in 2020 and 2021, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. In 2021, approximately 8,371 people arrived in Greece by land and sea via the Eastern Mediterranean route. During the same period, the most common countries of origin were Afghanistan, Somalia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.?

Humanitarian needs remain elevated among refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers along the Eastern Mediterranean migration route. Many people end up spending prolonged periods in overcrowded camps and displacement centers in Greece and Türkiye, and are otherwise unable to continue their onward journey to other destinations in Europe. ?In Türkiye, host community attitudes have been hardening towards refugees, migrants, and asylum-seekers, and discrimination has reportedly increased in recent years. ?

Latest Developments


No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.