Turkey hosts the world’s largest refugee population, including over 2.8 million Syrian refugees. The refugee population is in need of food and livelihood support, and shelter assistance. Since the Turkey–EU deal of March 2016, the high mobility of refugees, on towards western Europe, has fallen. Some 800 migrants have been forcibly deported from Greece to Turkey.

Tensions between government forces and Kurdish separatists escalated in July 2015.  Clashes and bomb attacks occur mostly in the southeast, but occasionally in Istanbul and Ankara. Recurring use of curfews has limited access to affected areas, and hundreds of thousands of people have been internally displaced. Widespread destruction of shelters has been reported.

Tens of thousands of people have been arrested, detained, or dismissed since a failed coup in July 2016. Media freedom and the independence of the judiciary are of concern. The crackdown on pro-Kurdish political parties has escalated since September 2016 . 

INFORM measures Turkey's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 5.0/10. Hazard and exposure is of particular concern, at a 7.8/10 rate.?

Latest Developments

19/01: Nearly half million Syrian children refugees are enrolled, an increase by a twofold compared to June 2016. However, 380,000 Syrian children refugees are still out-of-school.?

14/01: In 2016, Turkish authorities reportedly arrested 425,000 people trying to cross illegally into Turkey, including 390,000 people from the Syrian border.?

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Key figures

  • 2,814,631 Syrian refugees in Turkey  [?]
  • 500,000 IDPs in the southeast due to conflict  [?]
  • 500 civilians killed in fighting between government and PKK forces in the southeast between July 2015 and July 2016  [?]
  • 2,500,000 refugees in need of food aid  [?]
  • 37,000 people in administrative detention  [?]

Key priorities

- Food and livelihood support for refugee populations living in Turkey.

- IDPs in the southeast face urgent protection, shelter, and health needs.

- Education and health access for Syrian refugees 

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Information Gaps and needs

- State of press freedom has declined, with recurring shutdown of mainstream and social media

- Access to southeast Turkey is extremely controlled. Ongoing crackdown on pro-Kurdish media outlets and NGO further limits the needs assessment.

 -Up-to-date Syrian refugees breakdown per provinces



Lessons learned

- Mobile clinics allow access to refugees who cannot access health facilities in rural areas due to transportation costs.

- INGOs partnering with local partners to get around govt restrictions on access