Turkey hosts over 2.9 million Syrian refugees, who are  in need of food and livelihood support, and shelter assistance.

Tensions between government forces and Kurdish separatists escalated in July 2015.  Clashes and bomb attacks occur mostly in the southeast, but occasionally in Istanbul and Ankara. Curfews limit access to affected areas, and hundreds of thousands of people have been internally displaced. Widespread destruction of shelter has been reported.

Tens of thousands of people have been arrested, detained, or dismissed since a failed coup in July 2016. Media freedom and the independence of the judiciary are of concern. The crackdown on pro-Kurdish political parties has escalated. 

INFORM measures Turkey's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 5.0/10. Hazard and exposure is of particular concern, at a 7.8/10 rate.?

Latest Developments

19-23/05: Crackdown on media continues. Several employees from the national telecommunication watchdog and from the opposition newspaper are under arrest for alleged links with Gulenist movement.??

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Key figures

  • 2,992,567 Syrian refugees in Turkey  [?]
  • 500,000 IDPs in the southeast due to conflict  [?]
  • 600 civilians killed in fighting between government and PKK forces in the southeast between July 2015 and July 2016  [?]
  • 2,750,000 refugees in need of food aid  [?]
  • 37,000 people in administrative detention  [?]

Key priorities

- Food and livelihood support for refugee populations living in Turkey.

- IDPs in the southeast face urgent protection, shelter, and health needs.

- Health and education access for Syrian refugees 

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Information Gaps and needs

- State of press freedom has declined, with recurring shutdown of mainstream and social media. Less information is available. 

- Access to southeast Turkey is extremely controlled. Ongoing crackdown on pro-Kurdish media outlets and NGO further limits the needs assessment.

 -Up-to-date Syrian refugees breakdown per provinces



Lessons learned

- Mobile clinics allow access to refugees who cannot access health facilities in rural areas due to transportation costs.

- INGOs partnering with local partners to get around govt restrictions on access