• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints



A prolonged dry spell has been affecting several districts in northeastern Tanzania, resulting in Crisis food insecurity levels for more than 13% of the analysed population (437,000 people people). The lack of water and pasture has affected livestock production; over 62,000 livestock have died since the start of the dry spell. Tanzania also hosted more than 247,000 refugees from Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo as at 28 February. The majority of them are sheltering in Nduta and Nyarugusu camps in Kigoma region, northwestern Tanzania.?

Crop pests such as ants, fall armyworm, and rodents have contributed to crop failures and deterioration of food insecurity levels. Below-average harvest resulted in an increase in commodity prices and affected people’s access to food. To cope with the lack of water and pasture for livestock, some pastoralists are migrating to other areas that also have limited natural resources. Other households are cutting down on meals or selling their food stocks to cover their needs.?

For some host communities, the presence of refugees has created economic competition, especially in the agricultural sector, where most refugees are engaged. As refugees are paid less than workers from the host community, some Tanzanian nationals (especially casual labourers) see their economic opportunities affected. As a result, the Government has been limiting refugees' engagement in some economic activities such as in agricultural production since the 1990s. This decision resulted in more cases of crop theft by refugees to provide food for their families. Health facilities and referral hospitals are often overstretched by the increased population.?

Latest Developments


An estimated 3,000 people have been displaced due to floods since late April in the Mbeya and Songwe regions. At least five people were killed and 21 injured. More than 700 homes are destroyed or damaged. Displaced people are sheltering in schools and public buildings. Their needs include shelter, food, and non-food items.?



Livelihoods: Livestock and agriculture activities in the areas affected by a prolonged dry spell are disrupted. Lack of water and pasture is affecting the body condition and productivity of livestock, reducing households' income. Crop failures caused by the dry spell and erratic rainfall have also affected households' income.?

Shelter: Shelter needs are reported among refugees living in camps. Some refugees are staying in tents that are vulnerable to harsh weather conditions. There is an increased risk of disease outbreaks among refugees staying in overcrowded shelters.?

WASH: Severe water shortages have been affecting livestock in areas affected by the dry spell. In the refugee camps, needs for latrines, hygiene items, dignity kits, and soap are reported.?

Health: Potential water shortages combined with poor hygiene practices can result in disease outbreaks in areas affected by dry spells and the overstretching of healthcare facilities. The lack of specialised equipment and well-equipped ambulances in healthcare centres is affecting access to health services in refugee camps.?