At least 220,000 civilians have died as a result of conflict since the civil war began in 2011. An estimated 13.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. 6.2 million are internally displaced and 5.6 million refugees have left the country, mostly to neighbouring Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan.
The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with health, shelter, and food needs most critical in areas where fighting is ongoing. Protection interventions are required countrywide. Access for humanitarians remains extremely problematic, even in areas retaken by the Syrian Arab Army.
Since late 2015, the Syrian Arab army have been slowly regaining territory across the country. With only governorates in the north east and north west remaining outside government control, the war is widely seen as entering its final and possibly most violent stages. Turkish, Russian, Iranian, American, and Syrian troops are stationed inside Syria, as well as a range of non-state armed groups ranging from more moderate opposition groups to Salafist Jihadi groups.
INFORM measures Syria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.9/10
Health Cluster, 31/10/2018, https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/health_cluster_bulletin_october_2018.pdf
31/01: The operation to remove IS from Deir-Ez-Zor has contained the group to within an area of 1 square kilometre. At least 15,000 people have fled the area to camps in Deir-ez-Zor and Al Hasakeh, paticularly Al Hol camp. ?
Protection: 13.3 million people, including 5.5 million children, are estimated to be in need of protection assistance.
7.6 million people need acute WASH assistance.
Health: 12 million people require health assistance. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities, and fuel shortages further hamper access to health services.
Information Gaps and needs
Lack of access and insecurity are hampering the ability to carry out in-depth needs assessments. Very limited information available on the 135,000 people remaining in Afrin district and the remaining population in Eastern Ghouta.
Lack of access has resulted in very limited information on many hard-to-reach areas and areas where there are ongoing clashes. This includes locations in Dar'a, Idleb, Aleppo, and Deir-ez-Zor governorates. Lack of information on conditions in remaining IS-held areas can be attributed to fear of reprisals.