Overview

13.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria, including 6.1 million IDPs. ?

Conflict has killed over 400,000 people, including 100,000 civilians, and caused large-scale displacement. Protection concerns are widespread. WASH and access to food are high priorities, as well as access to health services. Humanitarian needs in areas under prolonged and ongoing siege are particularly high as access is obstructed.

Clashes are ongoing in Aleppo, Dara, Idleb, Homs, Deir-ez-Zor, Damascus, Rural Damascus, and Hama governorates. The Turkish army recently increased activity in Idleb and Aleppo governorates, deploying troops as a part of the de-escalation agreement and simultaneously targeting the Kurdish YPG. 

INFORM measures Syria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.9/10. The intensity of highly violent conflict in the country is of particular concern.?

Latest Developments

19/04: Escalation of violence south of Damascus aggravates protection concerns for up to 12,000 Palestinian refugees in Yarmouk camp and surrounding areas.?

16/04: Since 9 March 150,000 have displaced from Eastern Ghouta. Around 80,000 of them arrived in northwestern Syria, and over 90,000 have been displaced within Rural Damascus. Shelter, food, WASH, and health needs are pressing.?

4/04: At least 44,000 IDPs from Eastern Ghouta are hosted in eight collective shelters across Rural Damascus. Shelters are congested to up to 170% of their capacity.?

 

Key priorities

Protection: 13.3 million people, including 5.5 million children, are estimated to be in need of protection assistance.

7.6 million people need acute WASH assistance.

Health: 11.3 million people require health assistance. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities, and fuel shortages further hamper access to health services.

Information Gaps and needs

Lack of access and insecurity are hampering the ability to carry out in-depth needs assessments. Very limited information available on the 170,000 people remaining in Afrin district and the remaining population in Eastern Ghouta.

Lack of access has resulted in very limited information on many besieged and hard-to-reach areas and areas where there are ongoing clashes. This includes locations in Idleb, Aleppo, and Deir-ez-Zor governorates. Lack of information on conditions in remaining IS-held areas can be attributed to fear of reprisals. 

Key documents

OCHA

01/12/2016

Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017: Syria

Institute for the Study of War

01/02/2016

Jabhat al Nusra and ISIS: Sources of strength

Institute for the Study of War

29/12/2015

The Syrian opposition's political demands

International Crisis Group

02/09/2015

New approach in southern Syria

UN Human Rights Council

13/08/2015

10th Commission of Inquiry on Syria

IASC

01/08/2015

Syria Crisis Common Context Analysis Update 2015

David Butter, Chatham House

30/06/2015

Syria's economy: Picking up the pieces

Syrian Centre for Policy Research

30/03/2015

Alienation and Violence: Impact of Syria Crisis Report 2014

IASC

01/04/2014

Syria Crisis Common Context Analysis

International Crisis Group

22/01/2013

Syria's Kurds: A struggle within a struggle