13.5 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria, including 6.3 million IDPs.

Conflict has killed over 324,000 people, including 87,000 civilians, and caused large-scale displacement. Protection concerns are widespread. WASH and access to food are high priorities, as well as access to health services. Humanitarian needs in areas under prolonged and ongoing siege are particularly high as access is obstructed.

Clashes are ongoing in Dara, ar Raqqa, Homs, and Hama governorates and Deir Ezzor city. The Turkish army recently increased activity in Aleppo governorate, targeting both Islamic State and the Kurdish YPG. 

INFORM measures Syria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.9/10. The intensity of highly violent conflict in the country is of particular concern . ?

Latest Developments

20/07: Over 75,000 IDPs in Rukban camp in the berm are entering their second month without a steady source of water, due to the breakdown of a Jordanian-built water line in June.? 

18/07: 27 cases of polio have been reported so far: 26 in Mayadeen district, Deir Ezzor governorate, and one in Tal Abyad district, Raqqa governorate.?

14/07: Over 202,700 people were displaced in ar Raqqa between 1 April and 14 July, including approximately 32,500 since 1 June. The situation remains highly fluid, with displacement and returns reported in various locations.?

Key figures

  • 13,500,000 People in need  [?]
  • 6,300,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 4,890,000 People living in hard-to-reach and besieged areas  [?]
  • 7,000,000 Severely food insecure  [?]

Key priorities

Protection: 13.5 million people, including 6 million children, are estimated to be in need of protection assistance.

8.2 million people need WASH access.

Health: only 43% of facilities are fully operating. 95% of people lack access to adequate healthcare. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities, and fuel shortages further hamper access to health services.

Information Gaps and needs

There is very limited information on many areas where there are ongoing clashes. ? This includes ar Raqqa – where around 100,000 are feared to live under severe conditions. Lack of access, and fear of reprisals from the population, are driving factors in this lack of information. 

Key documents

David Butter, Chatham House


Syria's economy: Picking up the pieces

UN Human Rights Council


10th Commission of Inquiry on Syria

International Crisis Group


New approach in southern Syria

International Crisis Group


Syria's Kurds: A struggle within a struggle

Institute for the Study of War


Jabhat al Nusra and ISIS: Sources of strength

Institute for the Study of War


The Syrian opposition's political demands

Syrian Centre for Policy Research


Alienation and Violence: Impact of Syria Crisis Report 2014



Syria Crisis Common Context Analysis



Syria Crisis Common Context Analysis Update 2015



Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017: Syria