Overview

13.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria, including 6.3 million IDPs.?

Conflict has killed over 350,000 people, including 100,000 civilians, and caused large-scale displacement. Protection concerns are widespread. WASH and access to food are high priorities, as well as access to health services. Humanitarian needs in areas under prolonged and ongoing siege are particularly high as access is obstructed.

Clashes are ongoing in Dara'a, ar Raqqa, Homs, and Hama governorates and Deir-ez-Zor city. The Turkish army recently increased activity in Aleppo governorate, targeting both Islamic State and the Kurdish YPG. 

INFORM measures Syria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.9/10. The intensity of highly violent conflict in the country is of particular concern . ?

Latest Developments

17/09: Russia, Iran, and Turkey have planned to post observers on the edge of the de-escalation zone in Idlib governorate. The area is largely controlled by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS). As a result, Turkey has moved 80 military vehicles close to the border with Idlib.??

14/09: With pro-government forces and the SDF advancing in Deir-ez-Zor, displacements are increasing in this area. Numbers are not very large given the governorate’s low population density.?

 

 

Key figures

  • 13,600,000 People in need  [?]
  • 6,300,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 4,540,000 People living in hard-to-reach and besieged areas  [?]
  • 7,000,000 Severely food insecure  [?]

Key priorities

Protection: 13.5 million people, including 6 million children, are estimated to be in need of protection assistance.

8.2 million people need WASH access.

Health: only 43% of facilities are fully operating. 95% of people lack access to adequate healthcare. The conflict has significantly damaged health facilities, and fuel shortages further hamper access to health services.

Information Gaps and needs

There is very limited information on many areas where there are ongoing clashes. ? This includes ar Raqqa city and other IS-held areas. Lack of access, and fear of reprisals from the population, are driving factors in this lack of information. 

Key documents

OCHA

01/12/2016

Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017: Syria

Institute for the Study of War

01/02/2016

Jabhat al Nusra and ISIS: Sources of strength

Institute for the Study of War

29/12/2015

The Syrian opposition's political demands

International Crisis Group

02/09/2015

New approach in southern Syria

UN Human Rights Council

13/08/2015

10th Commission of Inquiry on Syria

IASC

01/08/2015

Syria Crisis Common Context Analysis Update 2015

David Butter, Chatham House

30/06/2015

Syria's economy: Picking up the pieces

Syrian Centre for Policy Research

30/03/2015

Alienation and Violence: Impact of Syria Crisis Report 2014

IASC

01/04/2014

Syria Crisis Common Context Analysis

International Crisis Group

22/01/2013

Syria's Kurds: A struggle within a struggle