Protracted insurgencies are being waged by armed groups across Darfur, and persistent conflict situations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile cause high levels of insecurity. Darfur has been the scene of conflict for over a decade, while violence in Blue Nile and South Kordofan increased significantly after South Sudan gained independence in 2011.
Humanitarian access to conflict zones is severely restricted and remains so despite efforts of the AU and UN to broker a peace agreement and ensure increased humanitarian access. Violence, food insecurity, malnutrition, and lack of access to basic services have caused large-scale internal displacement.
According to INFORM, Sudan is at high risk of being overwhelmed by humanitarian crises and disasters (7.6/10). Hazard, vulnerability, and a lack of coping capacity are at alarming rates of 8.1/10, 6.9/10, and 7.9/10. ?
Health: Outbreaks, especially of waterborne diseases, are placing strain on limited health services, and medicine shortages are reported countrywide. Health and hygiene promotion is needed to prevent the spread of diseases in many parts of the country. 5.2 million are in need of healthcare. ?
Food security: In April 2018, approximately 5.5 million people were estimated to be in Crisis and Emergency (IPC Phases 3 and 4) in Sudan and in need of urgent action. Between May and July 2018, the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) is expected to increase up to 6 million.?
Protection: Civilians are at risk due to insecurity across Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile. 3.9 million people are in need of protection assistance.?