Armed groups are waging protracted insurgencies across Darfur, and persistent conflict situations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile cause high levels of insecurity. Darfur has been the scene of conflict for over a decade, while violence in Blue Nile and South Kordofan increased significantly after South Sudan gained independence in 2011.
Humanitarian access to conflict zones is severely restricted and remains so despite efforts of the AU and UN to broker a peace agreement and ensure increased humanitarian access. Violence, food insecurity, malnutrition and lack of access to basic services have caused large-scale internal displacement.
According to INFORM, Sudan is at high risk of being overwhelmed by humanitarian crises and disasters (7.1/10). Hazard, vulnerability and a lack of coping capacity are at alarming rates of 7.3/10, 6.9/10, and 7/10.?
Health: Outbreaks, especially of waterborne diseases, are straining limited health services, and medicine shortages are reported countrywide. Health and hygiene promotion is needed to prevent the spread of diseases in many parts of the country. 5.2 million are in need of healthcare. ?
Food security: From May to July 2018, approximately 6.2 million people were estimated to be severely food insecure. The most affected people are IDPs and host communities in conflict-affected areas.?
Protection: Civilians are at risk because of insecurity across Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Some 3.9 million people are in need of protection assistance. ?