Protracted insurgencies are being waged by armed groups across Darfur, and persistent conflict situations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile cause high levels of insecurity. Darfur has been the scene of conflict for over a decade, while violence in Blue Nile and South Kordofan increased significantly after South Sudan gained independence in 2011.  

Humanitarian access to conflict zones is severely restricted and remains so despite efforts of the AU and UN to broker a peace agreement and ensure increased humanitarian access.  Violence, food insecurity, malnutrition, and lack of access to basic services have caused large-scale internal displacement.  

According to INFORM, Sudan is at high risk of being overwhelmed by humanitarian crises and disasters (7.6/10). Hazard, vulnerability, and a lack of coping capacity are at alarming rates of 8.1/10, 6.9/10, and 7.9/10. ?

Latest Developments

No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team. Last checked: 23/01.

Key priorities

Health: Outbreaks, especially of waterborne diseases, are placing strain on limited health services, and medicine shortages are reported countrywide. Health and hygiene promotion is needed to prevent the spread of diseases in many parts of the country. 3.9 million are in need of healthcare. ?

Food security: 3.6 million people are facing Crisis and Emergency levels of food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4).?

Protection: Civilians are at risk due to insecurity across Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile. 3.3 million people are in need of protection assistance.?


Information Gaps and needs

Limited information available on the needs of the people in SPLM-N controlled areas of Blue Nile and South Kordofan.

Underreporting of AWD/cholera cases means that the extent of the current outbreak is unknown.


Key documents

Rapid Support Forces Attacks against Civilians in Darfur, Sudan


Men With No Mercy

Evolution of the Two Areas Conflict, 2014-15


Two Fronts, One War

Crisis Group Africa


The Chaos in Darfur

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium


Looking back to look ahead? Reviewing key lessons from Operation Lifeline Sudan and past humanitarian operations in South Sudan


Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in the Sudan