Protracted insurgencies are being waged by armed groups across Darfur, and persistent conflict situations in South Kordofan and Blue Nile cause high levels of insecurity. Darfur has been the scene of conflict for over a decade, while violence in Blue Nile and South Kordofan increased significantly after South Sudan gained independence in 2011.  Humanitarian access to conflict zones is severely restricted and remains so despite efforts of the AU and UN to broker a peace agreement and ensure increased humanitarian access.  Violence, food insecurity, malnutrition, and lack of access to basic services have ca used large-scale internal displacement.  According to INFORM, Sudan is at high risk of being overwhelmed by humanitarian crises and disasters (7/10). Hazard, vulnerability, and a lack of coping capacity are at alarming rates of 7.4/10, 6.6/10, and 7/10

Latest Developments

20 /07: Refugees are living out in the open and are in need of shelter assistance after police burned down their shelters in a camp in Khartoum, as part of a government policy to crackdown on illegal structures in the city.?


Key figures

  • 4,800,000 People in Need  [?]
  • 2,300,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 3,600,000 Severely Food Insecure  [?]
  • 137,000 South Sudanese Refugees in 2017  [?]

Key priorities

Health: Outbreaks, especially of water-borne diseases, are placing strain on limited health services, and medicine shortages are reported country-wide. Health and hygiene promotion is needed to prevent the spread of diseases in many parts of the country. 3.9 million are in need of healthcare. ?

Food security: 3.6 million people are facing Crisis and Emergency levels of food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4).?

Protection: Civilians are at risk due to insecurity across Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile. 3.3 million people are in need of protection assistance.?


Key documents

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium


Looking back to look ahead? Reviewing key lessons from Operation Lifeline Sudan and past humanitarian operations in South Sudan

Crisis Group Africa


The Chaos in Darfur

Evolution of the Two Areas Conflict, 2014-15


Two Fronts, One War

Rapid Support Forces Attacks against Civilians in Darfur, Sudan


Men With No Mercy