• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 5,355,000 Total population [?]
  • 5,355,000 People affected [?]
  • 6,401,000 People displaced [?]



The conflict between Israel and Palestine – particularly the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza – continue to generate severe humanitarian needs among the Palestinian populations of the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem. An estimated 2.1 million Palestinian people (of the total population of 5.3 million) are in need of humanitarian assistance. Of the people in need, 750,000 people reside in the West Bank, including Jerusalem, and 1.3 million are in the Gaza strip ?

Humanitarian needs continue to be driven by protracted conflict, over 53 years of Israeli military occupation, the Gaza blockade, violations to international humanitarian and human rights laws, internal Palestinian political divisions, and escalating hostilities. In 2020, a significant increase in the severity of humanitarian needs was reported across the state of Palestine following an outbreak of COVID-19 and the no-contact policy. The policy involved a six-month suspension of the bilateral agreements with Israel, which impacted the delivery of and access to services ?

The protracted humanitarian crisis in Palestine has resulted in acute humanitarian consequences – including a lack of access to services and displacement. People in need are facing an overburdened healthcare system, inadequate shelters, food insecurity, and increased poverty and unemployment. More than 60% of the people in need are affected by constraints to accessing basic services as a result of physical restrictions of movement, including military checkpoints ?.

Gaza has been under blockade since 2006, limiting imports of fuel and other basic goods and hindering the movement of people in and out of the area. In the 15 years since the start of the blockade, unemployment rates in Gaza have increased from 23% to 49% as at the end of 2020, while the poverty rate has increased from 40% to 56% ?.

Latest Developments


On 4 April 2023, Israeli forces raided holy sites in Jerusalem, resulting in the beating up and injuring of hundreds of Palestinian worshippers and highlighting the increase in violence in the West Bank in the month of April. The rise in violence is increasing the humanitarian needs of Palestinians, including protection from risks that include threats to life, insecurity, loss of property, and movement restrictions.?

For more information on demolitions, you can read our report here.

Humanitarian Access


very high constraints

Palestine faced Very High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 4/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access situation remained unchanged from the last assessment. 

For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – December 2022.


New proposed legislation and evictions planned by Israel cause an uprising and violence in the West Bank, with potential of spillover in Gaza, affecting Palestinians’ livelihoods and humanitarian conditions and generating heightened protection concerns Latest update: 29/03/2023


Highly unlikely Somewhat likely Highly likely


Very low Moderate Major

Key Priorities


Protection: 910 houses and other structures/infrastructure in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, have been demolished in 2021 – a 6% increase compared to 2020. About 1,200 Palestinians have lost their homes or livelihood buildings, with a total of 12,693 people affected – the highest number since 2016.?

Health: Continuity of medical care is threatened by the financial crisis and electricity shortages. Mental health disorders constitute a major medical concern, particularly affecting children. ?

WASH: Several factors including electricity shortages, infrastructure damaged by Israeli airstrikes, and a growing population, have contributed to the erosion and contamination of Gaza’s aquifer. 96% of Gaza’s potable water is unfit for human consumption. ?

Food Security: The deteriorating economy, high unemployment, and low incomes, have resulted in high levels of food insecurity. About 2 milliion of the population are food-insecure, while 1.5 million of the population live below the poverty line. ?