Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.4.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.30 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Humanitarian Access Overview
Palestine: Social impacts analysis
Palestine: Humanitarian needs after escalation of hostilitie...
Palestine: Impact of demolition policies in the West Bank
Palestine: The political economy of Gaza
State of Palestine: Escalation of hostilities and insecurity...
The conflict between Israel and Palestine – particularly the Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza – continue to generate severe humanitarian needs among the Palestinian populations of the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem. An estimated 2.1 million Palestinian people (of the total population of 5.3 million) are in need of humanitarian assistance. Of the people in need, 750,000 people reside in the West Bank, including Jerusalem, and 1.3 million are in the Gaza strip ?.
Humanitarian needs continue to be driven by protracted conflict, over 53 years of Israeli military occupation, the Gaza blockade, violations to international humanitarian and human rights laws, internal Palestinian political divisions, and escalating hostilities. In 2020, a significant increase in the severity of humanitarian needs was reported across the state of Palestine following an outbreak of COVID-19 and the no-contact policy. The policy involved a six-month suspension of the bilateral agreements with Israel, which impacted the delivery of and access to services ?.
The protracted humanitarian crisis in Palestine has resulted in acute humanitarian consequences – including a lack of access to services and displacement. People in need are facing an overburdened healthcare system, inadequate shelters, food insecurity, and increased poverty and unemployment. More than 60% of the people in need are affected by constraints to accessing basic services as a result of physical restrictions of movement, including military checkpoints ?.
Gaza has been under blockade since 2006, limiting imports of fuel and other basic goods and hindering the movement of people in and out of the area. In the 15 years since the start of the blockade, unemployment rates in Gaza have increased from 23% to 49% as at the end of 2020, while the poverty rate has increased from 40% to 56% ?.
Between January and October 2022, Israeli authorities in the West Bank demolished and confiscated around 697 structures, including homes and agriculture and livelihood-related structures. More than 25,500 people were affected and over 800 were displaced. 80% of the demolitions were in Area C, where 30% is designated as ‘firing zones’ by the Israeli forces, further limiting access to essential services. Demolitions have been affecting the economic and social development in the West Bank, which has been practically frozen for the past four decades. The demolitions create emergency needs for shelter and NFI assistance as well as livelihoods and protection services. Households experiencing demolitions are more likely to resort to risky coping strategies such as unsafe shelter and decreasing food consumption and health-related expenditures?.
For more information, you can read our report on the Impact of demolition policies in the West Bank here.
very high constraints
Palestine faced Very High humanitarian access constraints in the past six months, scoring 4/5 in ACAPS Humanitarian Access Index. The humanitarian access score has improved, following a reassessment by ACAPS of some of the restrictions to movement; however, access remains significantly constrained.
For more information you can consult our latest Global Humanitarian Access Overview – July 2022.
Source : OCHA - https://www.ochaopt.org/data/casualties
Protection: 910 houses and other structures/infrastructure in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, have been demolished in 2021 – a 6% increase compared to 2020. About 1,200 Palestinians have lost their homes or livelihood buildings, with a total of 12,693 people affected – the highest number since 2016.?
Health: Continuity of medical care is threatened by the financial crisis and electricity shortages. Mental health disorders constitute a major medical concern, particularly affecting children. ?
WASH: Several factors including electricity shortages, infrastructure damaged by Israeli airstrikes, and a growing population, have contributed to the erosion and contamination of Gaza’s aquifer. 96% of Gaza’s potable water is unfit for human consumption. ?
Food Security: The deteriorating economy, high unemployment, and low incomes, have resulted in high levels of food insecurity. About 2 milliion of the population are food-insecure, while 1.5 million of the population live below the poverty line. ?