Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)3.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.3.10 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian constraints.4.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
The conflict between Israel and Palestine continues to generate severe humanitarian needs among the Palestinian populations of the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem. An estimated 2.5 million people, including 1.4 million Palestine refugees, are in need of humanitarian assistance, mostly in the Gaza Strip, Area C of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The largest number of people in need are in the Gaza Strip (1.6 million people or 64% of Gaza’s population) and there is a high level of need across most sectors.?Violations of international humanitarian and human rights law pose severe protection threats against Palestinians.?4.95 million Palestinians are affected by protection risks, including 1.9 million most in need of protection. 1.9 million people are also in need of WASH assistance and 1.7 in need of food assistance.?Electricity and fuel shortages affect provision of basic services, particularly in Gaza where hospitals use emergency generators with low fuel stocks. Medical supplies are depleting, leading to disability and death.
Political negotiations with Israel, aimed at easing the blockade of Gaza, as well as internal attempts at mediation between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority failed to produce meaningful results in 2018. In 2019 the humanitarian impact of the blockade and internal political divisions between the administrations of the West Bank and Gaza continues to be severe. Over 3-5 May hostilities escalated between Israeli forces and militants in Gaza. Rockets were fired into Israel, while the Israeli army launched airstrikes in to Gaza. Four Israelis were killed; 27 Palestinians were killed and around 170 injured. Following mediation by Egypt and the UN, a ceasefire was reached on 6 May.?Crossing points in and out of Gaza remain closed until further notice.?
INFORM measures Palestine's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4/10.?
22/07: On 22 July Israeli works crews began demolishing Palestinian homes in Sur Baher neighbourhood of East Jerusalem in one of the largest operations of its kind in years. Israel says the buildings are illegal as they were erected too close to its West Bank separation barrier and considers them a security risk. Residents say the buildings are on West Bank land, and the Palestinian Authority gave them construction permits. Most of the structures are in Areas A and B, which fall under Palestinian civil control. 20 people have been forcibly displaced, while 350 owners of properties that were under construction or not yet inhabited are also affected. Nine of the displaced are refugees and have been displaced for a second time. Alternative shelter has not been provided. 10 buildings, including around 70 apartments have been demolished and up to 100 additional structures in Sur Baher could be facing a similar risk, though it is difficult to estimate. Since the start of the year Israel has stepped up demolitions of unauthorised Palestinian properties in East Jerusalem.?
VERY HIGH CONSTRAINTS
Humanitarian organisations face significant obstacles to the movement of humanitarian personnel and goods across Gaza and the West Bank due to political, security, and administrative measures implemented by Israeli authorities. Civilian populations often face severely reduced access to basic services, particularly healthcare. In Gaza, the Israeli government maintains its land, sea, and air blockade, exacerbated by Egyptian restrictions on the border, limiting the movement of people and goods in and out of Gaza and disrupting access to water. Intermittent border closures constrain the import of relief items. Humanitarian operations in Gaza are also hampered by restrictions imposed by Hamas. In the West Bank movement is restricted by physical obstacles including checkpoints, and administrative requirements, particularly limited access to permits. Aid is often confiscated.?
Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview
Source : OCHA - https://www.ochaopt.org/reports/protection-of-civilians
Protection: People are facing or at risk of forced displacement, administrative detention, exposure to explosive remnants of war (ERW) and physical violence. The number of people in need of protection assistance has increased in 2019.?
Health: Continuity of medical care is threatened by the financial crisis and electricity shortages. Mental health disorders constitute a major medical concern, particularly affecting children.?
WASH: Several factors including electricity shortages, infrastructure damaged by Israeli airstrikes, and a growing population, have contributed to the erosion and contamination of Gaza’s aquifer. 97% of Gaza’s potable water is unfit for human consumption.?