• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 4,950,000 People affected [?]
  • 6,287,000 People displaced [?]
  • 2,500,000 People in Need [?]



The conflict between Israel and Palestine continues to generate severe humanitarian needs among the Palestinian populations of the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem. An estimated 2.5 million people, including 1.4 million Palestine refugees, are in need of humanitarian assistance, mostly in the Gaza Strip, Area C of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The largest number of people in need are in the Gaza Strip (1.6 million people or 64% of Gaza’s population) and there is a high level of need across most sectors.?Violations of international humanitarian and human rights law pose severe protection threats against Palestinians.?4.95 million Palestinians are affected by protection risks, including 1.9 million most in need of protection. 1.9 million people are also in need of WASH assistance and 1.7 in need of food assistance.?Electricity and fuel shortages affect provision of basic services, particularly in Gaza where hospitals use emergency generators with low fuel stocks. Medical supplies are depleting, leading to disability and death.

Political negotiations with Israel, aimed at easing the blockade of Gaza, as well as internal attempts at mediation between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority failed to produce meaningful results in 2018. In 2019 the humanitarian impact of the blockade and internal political divisions between the administrations of the West Bank and Gaza continues to be severe. Over 3-5 May hostilities escalated between Israeli forces and militants in Gaza. Rockets were fired into Israel, while the Israeli army launched airstrikes in to Gaza. Four Israelis were killed; 27 Palestinians were killed and around 170 injured. Following mediation by Egypt and the UN, a ceasefire was reached on 6 May.?Crossing points in and out of Gaza remain closed until further notice.?

INFORM measures Palestine's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4/10.?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access


Very high constraints

Concerns continue to be about restrictions imposed on Palestinians for accessing aid, and restrictions of movement for aid workers, with different levels of constraints between Gaza Strip and the West Bank. The Gaza Strip is in the twelfth year of a blockade imposed by Israel and Egypt. Humanitarians also face difficulties in getting visas to access Gaza, and agreed UN privileges are breached as UN vehicles are searched at checkpoints. Aid is politicised with the Israeli government banning the import of specific humanitarian items into Gaza, and Hamas imposing restrictions on humanitarian operations within the Gaza Strip. Confiscation of aid is common from all sides, including Israeli and Palestinian authorities in the West Bank and Gaza.

Read more in the latest ACAPS Humanitarian Access Overview.

Key Priorities


Protection: People are facing or at risk of forced displacement, administrative detention, exposure to explosive remnants of war (ERW) and physical violence. The number of people in need of protection assistance has increased in 2019.?

Health: Continuity of medical care is threatened by the financial crisis and electricity shortages. Mental health disorders constitute a major medical concern, particularly affecting children.?

WASH: Several factors including electricity shortages, infrastructure damaged by Israeli airstrikes, and a growing population, have contributed to the erosion and contamination of Gaza’s aquifer. 97% of Gaza’s potable water is unfit for human consumption.?