Five years of civil war have led to widespread human rights violations, and large scale internal displacement and refugee outflow to Sudan and Uganda. Despite a peace agreement clashes continue, causing further displacements. Intercommunal violence is widespread, with cattle raids a common source of tension, particularly between pastoralist communities. Over 4.5 million people are estimated to be displaced, including 1.91 million IDPs and 2.47 million South Sudanese refugees. ? Of the 1.91 million IDPs in South Sudan, 194,747 people live in Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites. ?
The main rainy season from June-September has a significant impact on road access. Attacks and ambushes on humanitarian convoys severely hamper the delivery of assistance and access to populations in need. ? In 2017, a total of 1,160 access incidents were reported and in 2018 a total of 670.
Severe food insecurity persists across South Sudan, affecting 6.1 million people. Critical malnutrition levels are reported in 31 counties. The main drivers of food insecurity are conflict and displacement, which have led to disruptions of food production, livelihoods and humanitarian assistance, as well as a deterioration of the economy. ? Market activity is minimal in conflict-affected areas.
INFORM measures South Sudan's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be very high, at 8.9/10, down from 9/10 in 2018. South Sudan's vulnerability is measured at 9.2/10.
13/05: Inter-communal clashes in Boma state from beginning of May displaced over 20,000 people to neighbouring Kapoeta state. IDPs in Mogos and Karkomuge are in dire need of humanitarian assistance including shelter, food, WASH and health. Cases of diarrhoea and respiratory infections are high among children and the elderly due to lack of clean drinking water. ?
09/05: On 5 May a fire broke during the night and spread quickly due to a windstorm in Korok East county, Lol state killing 36 people and injuring over 80 people. Farms and livestock have been lost, over 130 houses were burned affecting more than 800 people. Local authorities report immediate need for shelter, food, water and NFIs. ?
Food security: Conflict and violence have disrupted agricultural activities and trade flows leading to low availability and record high food prices.
Health: Health services are overstretched and have very limited capacity: there is a severe shortage of medical personnel and medicine, and conflict affects access. Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity.
Protection: Civilians are regularly subjected to human rights violations including sexual violence, torture, forced recruitment and abduction from both opposition and government forces.
Information Gaps and needs
- During the rainy season (May to October), a large part of South Sudan is inaccessible due to the poor state of roads, limiting data on displacement on population needs.
- Lack of information regarding the number of displaced people in host communities and the needs of host communities.
- Limited information on needs of refugees in-country.
- While there are reports of people moving to neighbouring countries in search for food, there is limited information on population movement driven by food insecurity in-country.
- Lack of information on returnees and their needs.