Clashes between government and opposition forces are reported in Upper Nile, Jonglei, Central and Eastern Equatoria, and Western Bahr el Ghazal, causing widespread human rights violations, large scale internal displacement and refugee outflow towards Sudan and Uganda. Violence against aid workers has escalated, hampering aid delivery in conflict-affected areas.

Food insecurity continues to affect 6.1 million people. Critical malnutrition levels are reported in 31 counties in former state of Warrap, Unity, Upper Nile, and Jonglei.  

INFORM measures South Sudan's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be very high, at 8.9/10, a slight decrease from 9/10 in 2018. South Sudan's vulnerability is measured at 9.2/10.

Latest Developments

09/12: Extreme hunger is forcing people from Kidepo Valley county, Torit state, to flee to Uganda and Kenya to look for more resources and assistance in refugee camps. Dry spells and erratic rainfalls have affected late-planted crops; insecurity has hindered access to markets and delivery of supplies. ?

29/11:  Over 125 women and girls were sexually abused over 10 days in Rubkona county, Northern Liech state, on the road from their villages to Bentiu. As food insecurity is high, the need to search for assistance make women especially vulnerable. ?


Key priorities

Food security: Ongoing violence, market disruption, and crop failures have resulted in record food prices, and instability has spread to areas that were previously stable.

Health: The crisis continues to trigger major public health risks and disease outbreaks including malaria, cholera and measles.

Protection: Civilians are regularly subjected to human rights violations including sexual violence.  Reports of targeted attacks against civilians have increased since July 2016.

Information Gaps and needs

  • During the rainy season (May to October), a large part of South Sudan is inaccessible due to the poor state of roads, limiting data on displacement on population needs.
  • Lack of information regarding the number of displaced in host communities and the needs of host communities.
  • Limited information on needs of refugees in-country.
  • While there are reports of people moving to neighbouring countries in search for food, there is limited information on population movement driven by food insecurity in-country.
  • Lack of information on returnees and their needs.