Since the beginning of 2017, clashes between government and opposition forces are reported in Upper Nile, Jonglei, Central and Eastern Equatoria, and Western Bahr el Ghazal, causing widespread human rights violations, large scale internal displacement and refugee outflow towards Sudan and Uganda. Violence against aid workers has escalated, hampering aid delivery in conflict-affected areas.
Food insecurity continues to affect 5.69 million people. Critical malnutrition levels are reported in Unity, Western Equatoria, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Eastern Equatoria and Jonglei.
INFORM measures South Sudan's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2018 to be extremely high, at 9/10, an increase from 8.8/10 in 2017 and 8.3/10 in 2016. South Sudan's vulnerability is measured at 9.3/10.
Food security: Ongoing violence, market disruption, and crop failures have resulted in record food prices, and instability has spread to areas that were previously stable.
Health: The crisis continues to trigger major public health risks and disease outbreaks including malaria, cholera and measles.
Protection: Civilians are regularly subjected to human rights violations including sexual violence. Reports of targeted attacks against civilians have increased since July 2016.
Information Gaps and needs
- During the rainy season (May to October), a large part of South Sudan is inaccessible due to the poor state of roads, limiting data on displacement on population needs.
- Lack of information regarding the number of displaced in host communities and the needs of host communities.
- The frequency of fighting in Greater Upper Nile, Bahr el Ghazal, Unity and Central Equatoria is unclear. Restrictions on freedom of movement make it difficult for monitors to investigate violations of the Permanent Ceasefire and Transitional Security Arrangements.
- Limited information on needs of refugees in-country.
- While there are reports of people moving to neighbouring countries in search for food, there is limited information on population movement driven by food insecurity in-country.
- Lack of information on returnees and their needs.