The effects of drought stretching back to 2014 were aggravated by a severe El Niño in 2016 and the impact of consecutive and prolonged crises has been increasingly felt by the population. By 2018, 5.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, including people displaced by drought and conflict. ?Drought has affected food and water supplies, leading to a major food security and nutrition crisis as well as widespread measles and cholera outbreaks.
Access remains extremely limited outside of Somaliland: Lower and Middle Juba regions are particularly inaccessible due to the Al Shabaab insurgency. The government's control is essentially limited to Mogadishu and surrounding areas, although Al Shabaab attacks in the city persist.
The INFORM index score for risk of humanitarian catastrophe ranks Somalia at 9.1 out of 10, the highest of any country. ?
Food security: 5.4 million people are food insecure across the country.
WASH: infrastructure requires maintenance, particularly in displacement settlements and areas affected by drought.
Humanitarian access: restrictions continue to affect aid delivery in south-central Somalia.
Information Gaps and needs
- Lack of regular gender-sensitive needs assessments for sectors other than food security and nutrition.
- No systematic explosive hazard survey has ever been conducted.