By 2018, 4.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, including people displaced by drought and conflict. ?The drought has affected food and water supplies, leading to a major food security and nutrition crisis as well as widespread measles and cholera outbreaks. Floods have affected mainly central and southern Somalia since mid-April.

Access remains extremely limited across the country. Lower and Middle Juba regions are particularly inaccessible due to the Al Shabaab insurgency.  The government's control is essentially limited to Mogadishu and surrounding areas, although Al Shabaab attacks in the city persist.

The INFORM index score for risk of humanitarian catastrophe ranks Somalia at 9.1 out of 10, the highest of any country. ?


Latest Developments

20/09: No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team. 

Key priorities

Food security: 4.6 million people are food insecure across the country.

WASH: infrastructure requires maintenance, particularly in displacement settlements and areas affected by drought.

Humanitarian access: restrictions continue to affect aid delivery in south-central Somalia.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Lack of regular gender-sensitive needs assessments for sectors other than food security and nutrition.
  • No systematic explosive hazard survey has ever been conducted.