4.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, including people displaced by drought and conflict.?The drought has affected food and water supplies, leading to a major food security and nutrition crisis as well as widespread measles and cholera outbreaks. Floods have affected mainly central and southern Somalia since mid-April.

Access remains extremely limited across the country. Lower and Middle Juba regions are particularly inaccessible due to the Al Shabaab insurgency. Government control is essentially limited to Mogadishu and surrounding areas, although Al Shabaab attacks in the city persist.

INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10, the highest of any country. Vulnerability is measured at 9.4/10.?

Latest Developments

10/01: An Al Shabaab  mortar attack on the UN compound in Mogadishu left three people injured on January 1.?

Key priorities

Food security: 4.6 million people are food insecure across the country.

WASH: infrastructure requires maintenance, particularly in displacement settlements and areas affected by drought.

Humanitarian access: restrictions continue to affect aid delivery in south-central Somalia.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Lack of regular gender-sensitive needs assessments for sectors other than food security and nutrition.
  • No systematic explosive hazard survey has ever been conducted.
Key documents



Somalia: Humanitarian Dashboard