• Crisis Severity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    3.7
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    3.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    4.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 4,950,000 People affected [?]
  • 6,022,000 People displaced [?]
  • 2,500,000 People in Need [?]

Overview

24/05/2019

The conflict between Israel and Palestine continues to generate severe humanitarian needs among the Palestinian populations of the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem. An estimated 2.5 million people, including 1.4 million Palestine refugees, are in need of humanitarian assistance, mostly in the Gaza Strip, Area C of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The largest number of people in need are in the Gaza Strip (1.6 million people or 64% of Gaza’s population) and there is a high level of need across most sectors.?Violations of international humanitarian and human rights law pose severe protection threats against Palestinians.?4.95 million Palestinians are affected by protection risks, including 1.9 million most in need of protection. 1.9 million people are also in need of WASH assistance and 1.7 in need of food assistance.?Electricity and fuel shortages affect provision of basic services, particularly in Gaza where hospitals use emergency generators with low fuel stocks. Medical supplies are depleting, leading to disability and death.

Political negotiations with Israel, aimed at easing the blockade of Gaza, as well as internal attempts at mediation between Hamas and the Palestinian Authority failed to produce meaningful results in 2018. In 2019 the humanitarian impact of the blockade and internal political divisions between the administrations of the West Bank and Gaza continues to be severe. Over 3-5 May hostilities escalated between Israeli forces and militants in Gaza. Rockets were fired into Israel, while the Israeli army launched airstrikes in to Gaza. Four Israelis were killed; 27 Palestinians were killed and around 170 injured. Following mediation by Egypt and the UN, a ceasefire was reached on 6 May.?Crossing points in and out of Gaza remain closed until further notice.?

INFORM measures Palestine's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4/10.?

Latest Developments

07/06/2019

No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.

Humanitarian Access

24/05/2019

VERY HIGH CONSTRAINTS 

Humanitarian organisations face significant obstacles to the movement of humanitarian personnel and goods across Gaza and the West Bank due to political, security, and administrative measures implemented by Israeli authorities. Civilian populations often face severely reduced access to basic services, particularly healthcare. In Gaza, the Israeli government maintains its land, sea, and air blockade, exacerbated by Egyptian restrictions on the border, limiting the movement of people and goods in and out of Gaza and disrupting access to water. Intermittent border closures constrain the import of relief items. Humanitarian operations in Gaza are also hampered by restrictions imposed by Hamas. In the West Bank movement is restricted by physical obstacles including checkpoints, and administrative requirements, particularly limited access to permits. Aid is often confiscated.?

Download the full Humanitarian Access Overview

Key Priorities

24/05/2019

Protection: People are facing or at risk of forced displacement, administrative detention, exposure to explosive remnants of war (ERW) and physical violence. The number of people in need of protection assistance has increased in 2019.?

Health: Continuity of medical care is threatened by the financial crisis and electricity shortages. Mental health disorders constitute a major medical concern, particularly affecting children.?

WASH: Several factors including electricity shortages, infrastructure damaged by Israeli airstrikes, and a growing population, have contributed to the erosion and contamination of Gaza’s aquifer. 97% of Gaza’s potable water is unfit for human consumption.?