Sporadic clashes are regularly reported in Gaza and the West Bank between Israeli authorities and Palestininans. In Gaza, particularly high levels of violence were recorded at the beginning of June in weekly protests on the perimeter fence. In the West Bank and Jerusalem, violence escalated during commemoration events in May.?At least 112 people were killed and 3,260 injured between January and end November 2016, compared to 161 killed and 14,472 injured in all of 2015 .?In the first half of 2017, there was a notable increase in violence in the West Bank and East Jerusalem compared to 2016, attributed both to Israeli settlers against Palestinians and Palestinian attacks on Israelis.?
West Bank and East Jerusalem
Between 18 and 31 July, 1,522 people were injured and 11 were killed in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, up from 103 injured and five killed in the previous two weeks. This can be mostly attributed to tensions in the Esplanade in Jerusalem.?
Between 16 and 24 July, heavy clashes erupted between Israeli forces and Palestinians in East Jerusalem, resulting in over 1,000 people injured and three killed.??This came after Israeli authorities installed metal detectors at the entrance of the Haram Ash Sharif/Temple Mount compound, following an attack on Israeli Defence Forces two days before.?Palestinians authorities and the Muslim Wafq, an Islamic institute known for managing Islamic sites on and around the Haram Ash Sharif/Temple Mount compound, criticised this measure and called for worshipers to refuse to enter the site until the metal detectors were removed.?On 25 July, after several days of violence across Jerusalem and the West Bank and pressure from the international community, Israel agreed to remove the detectors.?However, tensions are still high and regular clashes are reported.??
Violence rose in the West Bank and East Jerusalem in the first six months of 2017. After a three year decline, there was an increase in 88% in violent incidents against Palestinians attributed to Israeli settlers in the West Bank and East Jerusalem in the first six months of 2017, compared to the same time in 2016.? This trend was also reported by the Israeli Security Agency (ISA) which has been calling on the government to take measures to prevent a deterioration.?A threefold increase in Palestinian attacks against Israelis was also recorded in the first six months of 2017, compared to the same time in 2016.?
Search and arrest operations conducted by Israeli authorities regularly occur and often turn violent. The number of such operations sharply increased in September 2016, and has remained high since then, with at least 50 operations conducted every week.?However, 128 search and arrest operations were conducted between 20 June and 3 July, which is above the usual average.?
Protests along the perimeter fence take place in Gaza on a weekly basis. Protestors regularly clash with Israeli security forces.?
Shelling increased at the beginning of 2017, and has been a regular event and a sign of escalating tensions between armed groups in the Strip and Israel. Between 16 and 24 July, shelling accelerated amid tensions over new Israeli security policies on the Haram Ash Sharif/Temple Mount compound in Jerusalem.???On 9 August, following a rocket fired from Gaza into Israeli territory (no casualties), Israel retaliated by firing three rockets, injuring seven people in Gaza city.?
Israeli patrol boats regularly fire towards Palestinian boats off the coast of the Gaza Strip, forcing them ashore.?People are frequently injured in the Access Restricted Area (ARA), the area along Gaza's land and sea borders, also referred to as the Israeli buffer zone. There has been a significant increase of firing into the ARA since January, and has continued into May.