38 communities, home to 6,000 Palestinians, live in or near the 18% of the West Bank designated by the Israeli authorities as “firing zones”, areas of land claimed by the Israeli military for training and security purposes. Palestinians who live in these zones face severe access restrictions, recurrent demolition, and forced displacement.??
A quarter of the structures targeted for demolition in 2016 belonged to Bedouin communities within or near the outskirts of East Jerusalem.?Most Bedouin and herding communities in Area C, comprising around 30,000 people, are at risk of forcible transfer due to destruction and threat of destruction of their homes because of the lack of building permits. ?? There are up to 11,000 outstanding housing demolition orders of Palestinian property in Area C.?Residents in the area have already been displaced numerous times.?
In September, 43 violations against Palestinian journalists by Israeli authorities were reported, including detention, interrogation, shooting and abduction.? In August 84 violations against media freedoms were documented - 40 by the Israeli authorities, 44 by the Palestinian authorities.?Most violations by Israeli authorities occur in East Jerusalem.?
Human rights organisations have noted an increase in the number of journalists arrested by the Palestinian Authority in the West Bank. This corresponds with the implementation of a new law allowing the government to imprison Palestinians for publishing any criticism of the PA on websites or social media. The Electronic Crimes Law, issued in July, has been heavily criticised as restricting freedom of expression.??
Interrogations and detention without any charge are common for journalists, as a result of the political rivalry between Fatah and Hamas. The political tension combined with harassment by the Israeli authorities complicates the work of Palestinian journalists and cause many to censor themselves. The Israeli authorities forcibly closed some Palestinian media outlets in 2015 and 2016, accusing them of inciting violence. Palestinian journalists also encounter problems when covering protests or clashes with the security forces. ?
Both Israeli and Palestinian prisons are accused of using torture as an interrogation method.??
There are 6,500 Palestinian prisoners in Israeli prisons, including 64 women and girls, 350 boys. Around 550 people are being held under renewable administrative detention orders without charge.?? Between 1 and 10 October, Israeli authorities have issued 40 administrative detention orders, without revealing the legal reason. Due to the possibility of renewal of the detention orders some people spend years under administrative detention.? The arbitrary measures taken against Palestinians have increased, with Israel ratifying laws that violate the rights of prisoners.? They are subjected to solitary confinement, constant incursions into their rooms and medical negligence. There are reports of physical and verbal violence against imprisoned women. According to human rights groups Israel uses administrative detention as a mean of collective punishment, which violates the international law.? ?
Recurring cases of torture in Palestinian prisons are reported, including 38 cases in July, of which 26 happened in Gaza. Data gathered by Palestinian human rights groups suggests that the number of victims of torture in Hamas-controlled prisons and detention centres in Gaza has increased significantly in 2017.?
People with disabilities
An estimated 49,000 individuals suffer from some type of disability in Gaza, which consitutes about 2.4% of the population.? Approximately 16,000 children have disabilities, including about 300 children who became disabled after the 2014 conflict. Data suggests that 35.7% of children with disabilities in Gaza don't attend school with only about 45% enrolled in regular education.? They face access barriers including transportation difficulties and discrimination.
In addition to the restricted access to basic services, especially healthcare and education, people with disabilities are much more affected by the electricity crisis, preventing them from using essential electrical devices such as air mattresses, scooters or electrical wheelchairs, and oxygen devices and vaporisers for people with respiratory conditions. The electricity crisis caused therapeutic services to reduce operation hours. The deteriorating economic situation of households in Gaza reduces the ability of families to cover additional expenses such as special hygiene items, assistive devices, transportation and rehabilitation costs.?