Mass demonstrations have been taking place in at least five different locations along the perimeter fence on the border between Israel and Gaza since 30March. As of 7 June the protests have resulted in about 131 fatalities and almost 14,000 injuries, representing levels of violence not witnessed in Gaza since the 2014 conflict.?The highest number of casualties was reported on 14 May, at the vigil of the commemoration of the Nakba, when 59 Palestinians were killed and 2,900 others injured.? The protests registered in Gaza are mainly part of the 'Great March of Return' mass protests. However, the Gaza population is also protesting against the Gaza Strip blockade.? Demonstrations have taken place in the West Bank, in solidarity with Gaza. During protests and clashes between Palestinians and Isreali forces 641 Palestinians were injured, including 126 children. Protests were expected to end on 8 June, the day of commemoration of Israel's occupation of the West Bank and Gaza in 1967.?
Sporadic clashes are regularly reported in Gaza and the West Bank between Israeli military or settlers and Palestinians. Settler violence has been on the rise since the beginning of 2018, with a weekly average of five attacks, compared to an average of three per week in 2017. The number of Palestinian injuries in 2017 more than doubled compared to 2016, which can mostly be attributed to clashes and protests in July and December. Up to 50 Israeli injuries and five deaths have been reported so far in 2018.??
Mass protests escalated on 14 May, when some 60 people were killed and over 2,900 injured, the highest number of casualties in one day since 2014. Over 50% of reported injuries were attributed to live ammunition.?The Isreali army bombed Hamas' outposts in Gaza.?
Mass protests are taking place on the Gaza-Israel border fence in at least five locations. The main protest sites are located around 500-700 metres from the border fence in An-Nahda areas in the east of Rafah, Al-Najar area east of Khuza'a in Khan Younis, Al Bureij camp in the Middle Area, Malaka area east of Gaza City, Abu Safiya in Jabalia, and at the checkpoint in Beit Hanoun in North Gaza. The Israeli army had significantly increased its presence in the area, including the deployment of more than a hundred snipers.?
Protests were scheduled to last until 8 June.? The protests, consisting of up to 40,000 people, were largely peaceful and demanded the right of return of Palestinian refugees and alleviation of the Israeli blockade. Violence escalated after protesters threw stones, burnt tires, and used Molotov cocktails and IEDs. The Israeli army responded with violence, resulting in up to 118 fatalities and over 13,000 injuries.?About 3,630 people were shot with live ammunition.?At least 1,000 of the casualties were children.
Israeli forces launched multiple airstrikes and fired tank shells into Gaza, reportedly targeting military sites in response to Palestinians trying to cross to Israel or planting explosives at the border fence in March, April, and May.? Shelling and airstrikes have been reported regularly since December 2017, following protests against the announcement by the US President recognising Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. The use of live ammunition, rubber bullets, and tear gas in order to disperse protests near the fence has been common since December and escalated in March. In 2018, about 125 Palestinians were killed and around 13,000 injured in Gaza.?
Israeli patrol boats regularly fire towards Palestinian boats off the coast of the Gaza Strip, forcing them ashore. Since the beginning of 2018, the number of incidents of firing at fisherman and farmers in the Access Restricted Area near the perimeter fence has been increasing. 64 shootings were recorded in two first months of 2018 compared to 213 in all of 2017. ?People are frequently injured in the Access Restricted Area (ARA), the area along Gaza's land and sea borders, also referred to as the Israeli buffer zone. There has been a significant increase in firing into the ARA throughout 2017.?
West Bank and East Jerusalem
Large protests took place in the West Bank on 14 May in response to the US embassy opening in Jerusalem. The Israeli army responded with tear gas and violent confrontations were reported. Over 30 people were injured. ?Clashes across the West Bank and East Jerusalem have persisted since the US president's December 2017 announcement recognising Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Some protests were dispersed by the Israeli military. Multiple detentions of Palestinians have been reported. Casualties as a result of live ammunition, rubber-coated bullets, and tear gas inhalation have been reported, mostly in Ramallah, Nablus, and Hebron.? Increased protests have also been reported in the West Bank in solidarity with mass protests in Gaza since March 2018. ? Overall, demonstrations in the West Bank since the end of March resulted in 641 injuries. ? Over 4,211 injuries and 14 fatalities were reported in West Bank in 2018.?
Around 90 incidents of settler-related violence have been reported so far in 2018, almost 20 of them involved physical assaults. Most of the incidents happened around Nablus. The weekly average of settler attacks resulting in Palestinian casualties or property damage since the beginning of 2018 has increased 50% and 67% compared to 2017 and 2016, respectively.??Since the beginning of 2018, five Israelis and two Palestinian perpetrators have been killed during Palestinian attacks or alleged attacks.?
The number of Israeli search and arrest operations in West Bank has increased, with 100 operations conducted every week in 2018, compared to 60 in 2017. Search and arrest operations conducted by Israeli authorities regularly occur and often turn violent. Five Palestinians have been killed during these operations in first two months of 2018, compared to nine in the entirety of 2017.?