1.4 million people are in need of protection assistance in Pakistan.? Lack of documentation for refugees, underreporting of violence against women and children, and inadequate or inappropriate behaviour of the police are among the main protection issues.
On 22 March 2017, parliament voted to reinstate the use of military courts for trying civilians on terrorism charges, raising protection concerns.? Since 2015, Pakistan's military courts convicted 304 people in cases related to "terrorism". Of these, 191 were sentenced to death. In 140 cases, the military did not release any information on the trials.? Lawyers and family members of the accused have alleged their relatives were coerced into confessing, and were not given access to lawyers of their choice or to the evidence being used against them. Lawyers representing the convicts in civilian courts say they have been denied access to court documents, making it difficult to file effective appeals.?
Enforced disappearances have taken place in Balochistan. ? ? Latest enforced disappearences were registered in between 3 and 10 April 2018. At least 7 people were abducted by Pakistan forces in this period, including students, teachers, one local imam, and one Baloch poet. So far, the highest known number of people abducted from Balochistan was recorded in 2016, when more than 1,800 people were abducted, according to a local human rights organisation. Over 600 were killed.?
In the lead up to the 2018 elections, repression and crackdowns by the government have increased.?? At least 23 Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf (PTI) supporters were detained and threatened with action under the Prevention of Electronic Crime Act since August 2016.?
Polio workers have been targeted in Pakistan since 2012, as a result of rumours that polio vaccination is forbidden in Islam.?