Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement: it has disrupted food supplies, seriously hindered access to basic services, and limited agricultural activities. As of January 2017, it is estimated that 14 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, 8.5 million of whom are in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states. Bauchi (2.8 million people), Gombe (1.4 million), and Taraba (1.3 million) also host high numbers of people in need. ?

In seven years of conflict, over 20,000 people have been killed in Boko Haram-related incidents. People affected by violence in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe, and neighbouring Bauchi, Taraba, and Gombe states are in urgent need of food, access to health services, protection, and education. Since February 2016, as humanitarian access is increasing, extreme food insecurity and malnutrition conditions have been revealed in Borno state.

INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as 'high', 6.3/10, and its coping capacity index is 6.6/10. ?

Latest Developments

26/05: 11,800 refugees returned from Cameroon to Banki town, Bama, Borno state from 30 April to 20 May. ?

22/05: As of 30 April, there were approximately 268,000 returnees to Nigeria since 2013. This represents an increase in the first four months of 2017 of 55,000 (according to self-reporting methods) or 104,000 (as there were 164,000 as of 31 December, 2016). ?

18/05: As of 15 May, 352 meningitis cases and 37 deaths have been reported in Yobe state since December 2016. ?

30/04: 25 suspected meningitis cases were reported in Borno state between January and April. ?

30/04: The number of people in need of WASH assistance in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states has increased by 344,000 since January. ?

Shelter needs expected to increase with the onset of the rainy season from May onwards. 59 IDP camps are in high risk flooding areas. ?

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Key figures

  • 14,000,000 people in need throughout Nigeria  [?]
  • 8,500,000 People in need in northeastern Nigeria (Adamawa, Borno, Yobe states)  [?]
  • 1,833,000 IDPs in Adamawa, Borno, Bauchi, Gombe, Taraba, Yobe  [?]
  • 7,065,000 People in IPC Phases 3 - 5  [?]
  • 44,000 People estimated to be experiencing famine  [?]

Key priorities

Food security: 7.065 million people severely food insecure (IPC Phases 3-5)

Nutrition: 6.7 million people are in need of nutrition assistance in 2017, up from 5.9 million in 2016. This includes 4.7 million children.

Protection: 6.7 million people are in need of projection assistance in 2017, up from 5.45 million in 2016. 

WASH: 4.1 million people are in need of safe water in 2017, up from 3.6 million in 2016. 

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Information Gaps and needs

  • Information on inaccessible areas is difficult to obtain. Population estimates regarding newly accessible areas vary considerably.
  • Estimates on nutrition are inconsistent
  • Information for child protection and GBV has been underreported due to the associated sensitivities.?
  • Figures on detained or missing people have not been systematically collected.?

Lessons learned

  • A humanitarian information management system needs to be put in place as sector working groups try to build information management capacity.?
  • Treatment for severe malnutrition has been the focus of state governments’ activities until now. However, increased attention should be paid to prevention, which is critical to addressing the problem in the long term.?
  • Community and household-level disease outbreak sensitisation activities should use more innovative strategies (e.g. mobile, cinema, radio etc.) rather than traditional approaches such as household visits, to reach more people and better engage with different groups, especially young people.?
  • Socio-cultural beliefs and misinformation hamper adequate preventive action for disease outbreaks and leads to fatalities. Both polio immunisation efforts and the Ebola response in Nigeria were beset by myths and rumours.?
  • NGOs’ invitation to beneficiaries in the northeast to contact them directly with complaints was not effective as complaint is not a concept that is widely accepted and applied.?