Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement: it has disrupted food supplies, seriously hindered access to basic services, and limited agricultural activities. As of January 2017, it is estimated that 14 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance, 8.5 million of whom are in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states. Bauchi (2.8 million people), Gombe (1.4 million), and Taraba (1.3 million) also host high numbers of people in need. ?

In seven years of conflict, over 20,000 people have been killed in Boko Haram-related incidents. People affected by violence in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe, and neighbouring Bauchi, Taraba, and Gombe states are in urgent need of food, access to health services, protection, and education. Since February 2016, as humanitarian access is increasing, extreme food insecurity and malnutrition conditions have been revealed in Borno state.

INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as 'high', 6.3/10, and its coping capacity index is 6.6/10. ?

Latest Developments

21/07: Residents of Gwoza local government area of Borno state have disputed the claim by the government that it is no longer under the control of Boko Haram. ?

The rainy season in the northeast, which began in May, is expected to cut off roads throughout the region, particularly near the Cameroonian border.

Shelter needs expected to increase with the onset of the rainy season from May onwards. 59 IDP camps are in high risk flooding areas. ?

Key figures

  • 14,000,000 people in need throughout Nigeria  [?]
  • 8,500,000 People in need in northeastern Nigeria (Adamawa, Borno, Yobe states)  [?]
  • 1,900,000 IDPs in Adamawa, Borno, Bauchi, Gombe, Taraba, Yobe  [?]
  • 5,200,000 PEOPLE ARE FOOD INSECURE  [?]
  • 50,000 People estimated to be experiencing famine  [?]

Key priorities

Food security: 7.065 million people severely food insecure (IPC Phases 3-5)

Nutrition: 6.7 million people are in need of nutrition assistance in 2017, up from 5.9 million in 2016. This includes 4.7 million children.

Protection: 6.7 million people are in need of projection assistance in 2017, up from 5.45 million in 2016. 

WASH: 4.1 million people are in need of safe water in 2017, up from 3.6 million in 2016. 

Information Gaps and needs

  • Information on inaccessible areas is difficult to obtain. Population estimates regarding newly accessible areas vary considerably.
  • Estimates on nutrition are inconsistent
  • Information for child protection and GBV has been underreported due to the associated sensitivities.?
  • Figures on detained or missing people have not been systematically collected.?