Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement: it has disrupted food supplies, seriously hindered access to basic services, and limited agricultural activities. In seven years of conflict, over 20,000 people have been killed in Boko Haram-related incidents. People affected by violence in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe, and neighbouring Bauchi, Taraba, and Gombe states are in urgent need of food, access to health services, protection, and education. Since February 2016, as humanitarian access is increasing, extreme food insecurity and malnutrition conditions have been revealed in Borno state.

INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, 6.3/10, and its coping capacity index is 6.6/10. ?

Latest Developments

17/01: The Nigerian army erroneously bombed Rann camp for internally displaced people in Borno state, in Northeastern Nigeria, killing 52 and injuring 120. The camp was mistaken for a Boko Haram base.?

16/01: Suicide bomb attack at the University of Maiduguri in Borno state killed four and injured 15.?

13/01: Suicide bombers killed at least six people and injured 14 in a crowded market in the northeastern town of Madagali.?

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Crisis Overview 2016 - Nigeria

The Crisis Overview 2016: Humanitarian Trends and Risks for 2017, outlines the countries where needs are greatest, and growing, as we approach the end of 2016

Nigeria is one of the 15 crises analysed in this report.

Read the full report here

Key figures

  • 13,400,000 Projected people in need for 2017 (2017 HRP)
  • 8,080,000 People in need in northeast Nigeria
  • 1,770,000 IDPs in Adamawa, Borno, Bauchi, Gombe, Taraba, Yobe
  • 4,673,000 People in crisis food security in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states

Key priorities

Food security: 4.67 million people in the northeast are severely food insecure

Protection: 84.5% of IDPs have been displaced due to BH and over 8,200 civilians died in BH-related incidents in 2015; 1.5 million women and girls are affected by gender-based violence (GBV).

WASH: 6.2 million people are in need of WASH assistance. Access to WASH facilities for IDPs is severely limited.

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Information Gaps and needs

  • No information on needs are available for local government areas in Borno state that remain inaccessible, many with active military operations.?
  • Information for child protection and GBV has been underreported due to the associated sensitivities.?
  • Figures on detained or missing people have not been systematically collected.?
  • Absence of information mapping ERW and UXO.?
  • Limited data collection from the majority of IDPS, living in informal settlements or with host communities.?

Lessons learned

  • A humanitarian information management system needs to be put in place as sector working groups try to build information management capacity.?
  • Treatment for severe malnutrition has been the focus of state governments’ activities until now. However, increased attention should be paid to prevention, which is critical to addressing the problem in the long term.?
  • Community and household-level disease outbreak sensitisation activities should use more innovative strategies (e.g. mobile, cinema, radio etc.) rather than traditional approaches such as household visits, to reach more people and better engage with different groups, especially young people.?
  • Socio-cultural beliefs and misinformation hamper adequate preventive action for disease outbreaks and leads to fatalities. Both polio immunisation efforts and the Ebola response in Nigeria were beset by myths and rumours.?
  • NGOs’ invitation to beneficiaries in the northeast to contact them directly with complaints was not effective as complaint is not a concept that is widely accepted and applied.?