Violence in the northeast has caused massive displacement and at the same time restricted movement: it has disrupted food supplies, seriously hindered access to basic services, and limited agricultural activities. An estimated 7.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.?

In nine years of conflict, over 20,000 people have been killed in Boko Haram-related incidents. People affected by violence in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe, and neighbouring Bauchi, Taraba, and Gombe states are in urgent need of food, access to health services, protection, and education. 

INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as 'high', 6.3/10, and its coping capacity index is 6.5/10. ?

Latest Developments

14/01: Islamic State West Africa (ISWA) overtook Rann town, setting shelters on fire, in northeastern Nigeria on 14  January. The following day the Nigerian military retook the town. An unknown number of people are displaced. ?

06/01: 25 new cases of Lassa fever were confirmed, with seven deaths (28%) in eight states, with the highest number in Edo and Ondo between 1-6 January 2019. ?


Key figures

  • 10,200,000 People in need countrywide  [?]
  • 1,920,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 6,900,000 People in Need of Health Services  [?]
  • 5,200,000 People in Food Insecurity  [?]
  • 7,700,000 People in need in northeastern nigeria  [?]

Key priorities

Food security: 5.2 million people are estimated as severely food insecure (IPC Phases 3 to 5).

Protection: 5.8 million people are in need of protection assistance in 2018, especially in northeast Nigeria.

WASH: 2.9  million people in northeast Nigeria are in need of safe water in 2018.

Nutrition: 3.5 million people are in need of nutrition assistance in 2018.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Information on inaccessible areas is difficult to obtain. Population estimates regarding newly accessible areas vary considerably.
  • Estimations on nutrition are inconsistent.
  • Information for child protection and GBV has been underreported due to the associated sensitivities.?
  • Figures on detained or missing people have not been systematically collected.?