Overview

Insecurity stemming from crises in neighbouring countries impacts populations in Niger. In Diffa region, where a state of emergency has been in place since 2015, Boko Haram continues to carry out sporadic attacks on civilians and against the authorities.? Cross-border intercommunal tensions also affect Tillaberi and Tahoua regions, leading to significant population displacement.? Since September 2018, the Burkina Faso border area has seen increasing attacks by jihadist armed groups against the local population and authorities, leading to a State of Emergency declared in several departments.? Insecurity also continues to limit food and humanitarian access, amplifying the effects of drought and floods. In Niger, more than 1.2 million people are expected to face IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) or worse between June and August 2019.?

INFORM measures Niger's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.7/10. Niger’s lack of coping capacity measured at 7.6/10 is of particular concern.?

Latest Developments

07/02: At least 300 people crossed the border into Diffa region after a Boko Haram attack on the village of Kanama, Nigeria.? More than 118,000 Nigerian refugees are already present in Diffa region where Boko Haram violence has also displaced more than 100,000 members of the local population.? 

Key figures

  • 2,440,000 People in need  [?]
  • 1,700,000 People in Need of nutritional support  [?]
  • 1,600,000 People in Need of Food Assistance  [?]
  • 174,800 Refugees  [?]
  • 157,800 IDPs  [?]

Key priorities

Food: A longer than usual lean season in 2018, insecurity and mass displacements have disrupted normal functioning of markets and the main livelihoods.

Health:  More than half of the population have no access to healthcare. Quality and coverage of available services are severely limited, especially in areas affected by displacement.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Insecurity in Diffa, Dosso, Tahoua, and Tillabery limits the availability of data.
  • Many migrants go missing in the desert, although the exact number is unknown.

 

Key documents