Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)1.30 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.1.00 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.90 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Nepal: Floods and landslides
Nepal is one of the world's most disaster prone countries due to its location and climatic conditions. Earthquake, landslides, floods, fire and thunderstorms affect the country every year leading to loss of lives, severe damage to infrastructure and disrupting the economic development of the country, thus increasing the population's vulnerability. In 2015, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck in the Gorka district and affected 50 out of 77 districts in the country. 9,000 people were killed and 22,000 injured and some 3.5 million people were made homeless. Recovery from the earthquake is still ongoing in some areas. Nepal was also strongly affected by flooding due to the August monsoon rains in 2017 that impacted 35 districts. In the southern Terai region, an estimated 1.7 million people were affected, of which 400,000 displaced and at least 300,000 people were in need of priority food assistance. Some 250,000 houses were reportedly damaged or destroyed, leaving people highly vulnerable.
The monsoon season that started on 11 July has triggered flooding in 32 districts of Nepal, with Province 2 Terai region being most affected. As of 1 August, 117 people died, 80 were injured and 38 people are still missing. Preliminary findings report over 410,000 people affected by flooding. Some 20,000 houses are completely destroyed and more than 40,000 houses have been damaged. WASH infrastructure has been severly impacted, resulting in an increased risk of waterborne diseases. Flooded crops and loss of livestock resulted in nearly 80,000 people in need of urgent assistance. ?