In 2018, there are approximately 863,000 people in need in Rakhine, Kachin, Shah and Kayin states.?There is active conflict primarily in Kachin, Shan and Rakhine states. Access to populations in need in these states is constrained.?
In Rakhine state, discrimination against the Rohingya Muslim minority has caused protracted displacement. IDPs in Rakhine have limited access to services and are confined to camps. Since October 2016, tensions between the Rohingya and the Myanmar Army have escalated and access has deteriorated further.? The crisis escalated once again in August 2017, triggering the largest movement to date of Rohingya into neighbouring Bangladesh.
During monsoon season, Myamnar is prone to flooding. In 2016, approximately 400,000 people were affected throughout the country. Some 174 people were killed and over 1.6 million affected in 2016. In 2008, Cyclone Nargis killed nearly 140,000 people in Myanmar.?
For 2019, INFORM measures Myanmar's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.6/10. The country scored particularly high in the "Hazard and exposure" category, at 8.6/10.?
Humanitarian access to conflict-affected areas remains severely restricted. An estimated 46,000 IDPs in Kachin and northern Shan state are not able to receive regular assistance.?
Rohingya population in Rakhine state: a large number of human rights abuses have been reported against the Muslim minority.?
Information Gaps and needs
- Access constraints in Rakhine state prevent a clear indication of needs among the Rohingya
- Access constraints in Kachin and Shan states make it difficult to assess the needs of IDPs in the area
- Protracted IDPs in southeastern states are provided aid by a durable solutions framework; updates on their needs are infrequent.
- Limited information is available on nutrition levels