Mozambique is exposed to extreme climatic conditions and hazards such as cyclones, storms and flash floods. Drought also occurs, primarily in the southern region. The recurrence of these events has increased population’s vulnerability with detrimental effects on food security and nutrition. Climatic prediction for the 2018-2019 rainy season indicates normal to below normal rainfall for the southern and central regions, and normal to above normal rainfall for the northern part. The likelihood of an El Niño event in 2019 poses a high risk to the cropping season, especially in the southern drought affected regions. An estimated 2 million people are severely food insecure (IPC 3 and above), including some 800,000 in need of life-saving assistance. The most affected provinces are Gaza, Cabo Delgado, Inhambane, Sofala and Tete.

An Islamist insurgency is ongoing in Cabo Delgado since October 2017, with militants carrying out violent attacks against villages, burning houses, killing people, and leading to thousands of people displaced. The army’s response has driven further abuses and protection needs on the local population by security forces.

On 22 January Tropical Storm Desmond caused heavy flooding in Beira, Chinde and Quelimane and displaced approximately 120,000 people across Zambézia, Sofala, Manica and Tete provinces.

INFORM measures Mozambique’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high, at 6/10, the same as in 2018. Mozambique’s vulnerability is measured at 6.5/10 and lack of coping capacity at 6.6/10.


Latest Developments

09/04: The impact of Cycone Idai and related flooding in central Mozambique has left at least 602 people dead and over 1,600 injured. Over 161,000 IDPs are sheltered in 164 centres across Sofala, Manica, Zambezia and Tete. Nearly 240,000 houses have been reported damaged or destroyed as well as 700,000 hectares of crops. As of 07 April, 3,161 cases of cholera, including two deaths have been reported in Beira, Nhamatanda and Dondo. In addition, 535 cases of diarrhoea and 412 cases of malaria have also been reported. ?

28/03: Episodes of violence in Cabo Delgado are intensifying. On 14-15 March armed Islamist insurgents destroyed 120 houses during an attack on Ulo village, Mocimboa da Praia and killed 13 civilians in the villages of Nabajo and Maculo. The latest attacks occurred on 22-24 March in Macomia, Ancuabe and Meluco districts, with an unknown number of people reported injured.?


Key figures

  • 2,000,000 People food insecure January-March 2019  [?]
  • 50,000 Refugees and asylum seekers in Mozambique including returnees from Malawi  [?]
  • 19,500 Children suffering from acute malnutrition in nine districts  [?]

Key priorities

Food security: mainly in Gaza, Cabo Delgado, Inhambane, Sofala and Tete.

Protection: needs driven by attacks by the Islamist insurgency on village  in Cabo Delgado.

Water: only half of the population has access to improved water supplies, with a large disparity between urban and rural areas.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Very little information on protection issues related to clashes between Renamo and Frelimo.
  • Media coverage of the fighting against the Islamist group in Cabo Delgado is barred, with journalists being intimidated and detained.
Key documents

Humanitarian Response Plan 2018-2019