Overview

As a result of El Niño-related drought in southern provinces, 2.1 million people are are acutely food insecure.? The number of food insecure is likely to further increase between October 2016 and March 2017, when the lean season reaches its peak. There are acute water shortages in southern Mozambique, despite heavy rains and floods in January 2017 which affected 79,000 people.?

In October 2015, tensions between Renamo and Frelimo erupted into armed clashes. Central Mozambique is most affected. A two-month truce was declared at the beginning of January, after mediators left the country in December, and renewed in March for other two months.??? There are currently 15,000 IDPs in the country.?About 3,500 Mozambicans were reported in Malawi as of December.?Politically motivated killings have been on the rise in 2016 and have been aimed especially at Renamo members.?The number of episodes has declined decisively in 2017 after the truce.

INFORM measures Mozambique’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6/10. Mozambique’s lack of coping capacity is of particular concern, at 6.7/10.?

Latest Developments

17/03: Almost 1,500 cases of cholera have been reported across Maputo, Nampula and Tete provinces. This represents an increase of almost 300 cases between 14 and 17 March. Three people have died. In Tete province, almost 400 cases have been reported since 11 March.??

After reaching 2.3 million at the end of March 2017, the number of people facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes will drop significantly as the majority of households will be benefitting from harvests.?

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Key figures

  • 2,100,000 acutely food insecure  [?]
  • 1,460,000 in need of health and nutrition assistance  [?]
  • 650,000 in need of protection services  [?]

Key priorities

Food security, mainly in Maputo, Gaza, Inhambane, Tete, Zambezia, and Sofala provinces.?

Nutrition: Zambezia and Sofala are the most affected provinces.?

Protection of civilians, mainly in central Mozambique affected by attacks from Renamo and government forces.??

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Information Gaps and needs

  • Very little information on protection issues related to clashes between Renamo and Frelimo.
Key documents

UN

31/12/2016

UN Strategic Response Plan for Mozambique