Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.3.50 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.0.80 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.No constraintsExtreme constraints
Morocco is a transit and destination country for mixed migration flows, mostly from sub-Saharan countries. Morocco is also a country of origin for thousands of migrants and asylum seekers trying to reach Europe.? Over 41,900 asylum seekers and refugees reached Spain by sea through the Western Mediterranean route during 2021, mainly from Morocco and Algeria. Moroccan authorities arrested over 12,200 people attempting to leave the country illegally. The total number of migrants in Morocco is unknown.? As at 30 September 2021, there were over 15,700 asylum seekers and refugees in the country.? Protection, WASH, and health are the key priorities for migrants in Morocco. Protection concerns include registration, limited legal assistance, gender-based violence resulting from continued mass arrests, and deportation towards the border. Migrants are forced to hide to avoid being arrested. The situation is particularly concerning around the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. Most migrants in transit to Europe live in informal or overcrowded settlements where they cannot regularly access water and electricity. Lack of livelihood opportunities also undermines migrants’ food security.?
Morocco is vulnerable to natural hazards such as droughts, floods, earthquakes, wildfires, and extreme heat, which result in significant economic losses and affect people’s livelihoods.?
Irregular migrants, who leave their countries mainly because of poverty and insecurity, continue to have humanitarian needs, including for protection, medical, and legal assistance as they are at risk of exploitation, trafficking and arbitrary detention. By the end of August, local authorities had detained 56,000 migrants with irregular status in the country in 2022. Irregular migrants usually stay in mountain forests in the north of Morocco, waiting for an opportunity to cross into Spain. Migrants require valid residency permits to legally stay in the country and gain access to work, but the long process, among other factors, deters many from applying. Without these documents, irregular migrants lack income and are at risk of detention. Migrants who have regularized their status usually stay in cities but face a lack of employment opportunities. Some stay in informal camps without sanitation and heat and face increased tensions with the host community. ?
Information Gaps and Needs
The actual number of migrants in the country is not available. Timely and systematic assessments of the humanitarian needs of migrants particularly in informal settlements and overcrowded accommodation are also missing.