Mauritania is vulnerable to natural hazards such as drought and flooding, which are drivers of food insecurity, malnutrition, and disrupted livelihoods. According to the latest Cadre Harmonise analysis, in December 2018 there were 226,931 people in IPC Phases 3 and 4 levels of food insecurity.? The figures for June-August 2019 are projected to grow to 575,603 people in IPC Phases 3 and 4, as the effects of the lean season are felt.?
Regional instability and conflict in Mali continue to drive displacement into Mauritania. Overall, by January 2019 there were 58,286 asylum-seekers and refugees in Mauritania. Of those, 55,782 are Mali refugees living in Mbera camp in the southeast of the country, while 2,504 are aylum-seekers and refugees living in urban areas.?
For 2019, INFORM assessed Mauritania’s risk of humanitarian crisis as high, at 6.2/10.?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team. Last checked: 15/02/2019
Food security: Food availability has been decreasing because of lower agricultural production and the depletion of food reserves due to drought condition across the country. Prices of imported food rose significantly in 2018, limiting the access to food and primarily affecting poor households.
Nutrition: Malnutrition rates are high due to poor food availability and access. 11% of children aged 6-59 months are acutely malnourished (GAM), with 2.3% presenting severe acute malnutrition, and 8.6% suffering from moderate acute malnutrition.
Livelihoods: Livelihoods have been heavily affected by the drought leading to early transhumance, decreased income of affected households, and use of negative coping mechanisms, such as selling livelihoods assets.
Information Gaps and needs
Lack of department- or region-specific information concerning current needs and response.
Lack of information on condition of WASH infrastructure in areas affected by drought.
Lack of information on condition and availability of healthcare services in areas affected by drought.
Lack of information on the needs and movements of IDPs displaced due to natural hazards.
Little information on current security situation.