Mauritania suffers from recurrent droughts that lead to food insecurity, high malnutrition rates, and disrupted livelihoods. In 2018, the lean season began in March, two months earlier than usual, and is expected to last until September. More than 538,000 people were estimated to be in IPC 3 (Crisis) and IPC 4 (Emergency) until the end of August. Drought conditions contribute to livelihoods disruption, with drought-related migration occurring several months earlier than usual and negative coping mechanisms reported across the agropastoral zone. ?
Regional instability and conflict in Mali continue to drive displacement into Mauritania, with over 56,000 refugees hosted in the south-east of the country. Refugees are particularly vulnerable to food insecurity and malnutrition.?
INFORM measures Mauritania’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 5.5/10. The lack of coping capacities in the country is of particular concern.?
17/09: 6,000 people were affected by heavy rainfall in Bassikounou (Hod el Chargui Region) between 11–15 September, including 342 people in M’bera refugee camp. Humanitarian needs are shelter, food, non-food items, water and sanitation. ?
Parliamentary and local elections in Mauritania are scheduled for November 2018. ?
Food security: Food availability has been decreasing because of lower agricultural production and the depletion of food reserves due to drought condition across the country. Prices of imported food rose significantly in 2018, limiting the access to food and primarily affecting poor households.
Nutrition: Malnutrition rates are high due to poor food availability and access. 11% of children aged 6-59 months are acutely malnourished (GAM), with 2.3% presenting severe acute malnutrition, and 8.6% suffering from moderate acute malnutrition.
Livelihoods: Livelihoods have been heavily affected by the drought leading to early transhumance, decreased income of affected households, and use of negative coping mechanisms, such as selling livelihoods assets.
Information Gaps and needs
Lack of department- or region-specific information concerning current needs and response.
Lack of information on condition of WASH infrastructure in areas affected by drought.
Lack of information on condition and availability of healthcare services in areas affected by drought.
Lack of information on the needs and movements of IDPs displaced due to natural hazards.
Little information on current security situation.