• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 26,700,000 Total population [?]
  • 1,812,000 People affected [?]
  • 16,000 People displaced [?]
  • 5,713,000 Minimal humanitarian conditions - Level 1 [?]



Madagascar has been experiencing the combined effects of climatic conditions and frequent natural disasters. These include flooding, drought, cyclones and locust outbreaks. A locust outbreak in 2013, drought in 2014 and 2015, the El Nino drought/failed harvest of 2017 and the plague in 2017 have all culminated into the current food security situation and severe humanitarian needs. Each year, Madagascar is hit by cyclones which triggers flooding and displacement. In December 2019 the country was hit by cyclone Belna.?

Due to its reliance on agriculture, fishing and forest economy, these climatic disruptions adversely affect the economic activities of the population. There are large scale damages to farmlands, forests, homes built with woods, roads, dams, bridges, electricity lines and water sources. In most rural and some urban centers, unavailability of safe drinking water increases the risk of water-borne diseases. Lack of access to hygiene and health facilities also puts the Madagascar population of about 25 million people at risk in case of disease outbreaks. Continuous droughts will further deteriorate the food security situation of the country, with about 414,000 people projected to be at IPC level 3 by June 2020.?

Latest Developments


18/03/2020: Tropical cyclone Herold hit the northeast coast of Madagascar between 13-18 March, bringing torrential rains and flooding. The most affected areas are Maroantsetra, Antalaha, Sava and Sambava. 4 people have been reported dead with 3,200 affected. Road closures and flooding are restricting access to affected populations especially in villages and rural areas.?

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.