Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.10 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.70 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.1.80 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Madagascar has been experiencing the combined effects of climatic conditions and frequent natural disasters. These include flooding, drought, cyclones and locust outbreaks. A locust outbreak in 2013, drought in 2014 and 2015, the El Nino drought/failed harvest of 2017 and the plague in 2017 have all culminated into the current food security situation and severe humanitarian needs. Each year, Madagascar is hit by cyclones which triggers flooding and displacement. In December 2019 the country was hit by cyclone Belna.?
Due to its reliance on agriculture, fishing and forest economy, these climatic disruptions adversely affect the economic activities of the population. There are large scale damages to farmlands, forests, homes built with woods, roads, dams, bridges, electricity lines and water sources. In most rural and some urban centers, unavailability of safe drinking water increases the risk of water-borne diseases. Lack of access to hygiene and health facilities also puts the Madagascar population of about 25 million people at risk in case of disease outbreaks. Continuous droughts will further deteriorate the food security situation of the country, with about 414,000 people projected to be at IPC level 3 by June 2020.?
18/03/2020: Tropical cyclone Herold hit the northeast coast of Madagascar between 13-18 March, bringing torrential rains and flooding. The most affected areas are Maroantsetra, Antalaha, Sava and Sambava. 4 people have been reported dead with 3,200 affected. Road closures and flooding are restricting access to affected populations especially in villages and rural areas.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.