Drought conditions have led to a third consecutive year of below-average food production – the Grand Sud and southwest Madagascar are the most affected areas. Harvests in 2017 slightly improved the situation, but approximately 500,000 people are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity levels between October 2017 and January 2018. Outside of the Grand Sud, households in most parts of the country are expected to continue to have seasonally normal access to food due to average income levels. ?
Plague is endemic in Madagascar, with seasonal peaks from September to March. ? The country’s weak health system and limited WASH infrastructure weaken the national capacity to provide public health response to seasonal plague outbreaks and address the population’s health needs.?? ?
INFORM measures Madagascar's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 5/10. Madagascar's vulnerability is of concern, at 4.2/10. ?
Health: Over 60% of Madagascar’s people live more than 5 kilometers from a health center, often in very remote and difficult to reach areas. Health personnel are unevenly distributed, drug and medical supplies are prone to stock outs and are unavailable in some areas.? ?
Water supply: An estimated 850,000 people have limited or no access to safe water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene, particularly in South. ?