Drought conditions have led to a third consecutive year of below-average food production – the Grand Sud and southwest Madagascar are the most affected areas.?

Madagascar is also prone to natural disasters such as cyclical flooding and tropical storms. The most sensitive season ranges from November to April. ?

Plague is endemic in Madagascar, with seasonal peaks from September to March.? The country’s weak health system and limited WASH infrastructure weaken the national capacity to provide public health response to seasonal plague outbreaks and address the population’s health needs.?

INFORM measures Madagascar's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 5/10. Madagascar's vulnerability is of concern, at 4.2/10.  

Latest Developments

No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team. Last checked: 19/06.

Key priorities

Health: Over 60% of Madagascar’s people live more than 5 kilometers from a health center, often in very remote and difficult to reach areas. Health personnel are unevenly distributed, drug and medical supplies are prone to stock outs and are unavailable in some areas.?

Food security: Food insecurity (IPC 2 and 3) in the south and southwest continue after three consecutive years of drought and below-average harvests. ?

Water supply: An estimated 850,000 people have limited or no access to safe water for drinking, cooking and personal hygiene, particularly in southern regions. ?

Key documents

International Crisis Group


A Cosmetic End to Madagascar's Crisis?



Southern Africa El Nino Response Plan 2016/2017