Civil war since 2014 has generated shortages of food, fuel, water, medical supplies and electricity, and reduced access to healthcare and public services. Multiple parties are fighting for control of the country. Libya is divided among three governments: General National Congress (GNC), House of Representatives (HOR), and a UN-backed Government of National Accord (GNA). All three governments rely on the support of militias, and alliances are subject to local territorial and political interests. The Libyan National Army (LNA), a mix of tribal or regional-based armed groups allied with the HOR is another key player.?

Insecurity has greatly limited humanitarian access and hindered the planning and delivery of humanitarian assistance. Healthcare is limited by lack of medical staff, structural damage, and shortages of medicines. Attacks on medical personnel and facilities are frequently reported, often leading to suspension of services. Psychosocial care is one of the most neglected healthcare services despite significant needs.? Violations of international human rights and humanitarian law, including attacks against civilians, extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearance, and torture, are widespread and committed by all parties to the conflict.

INFORM measures Libya's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6/10. Hazard and exposure as well as lack of coping capacity are of particular concern, at 8.4/10 and 6.7/10 respectively.?


Latest Developments

22/01: Rival militias in southern Tripoli have announced a ceasefire after at least 16 people were killed and around 65 injured during clashes in the past week. ?

Key priorities

Protection 1.04 million people are exposed to physical harm and human rights violations. Migrants are particularly exposed to violence by Libyan security forces, militias, smuggling networks and criminal gangs.

Shelter & NFIs Some 600,000 are reported in need of shelter assistance and essential NFIs.


Information Gaps and needs

Most international organisations have been operating remotely, largely from Tunisia, since 2014, and sectoral data is limited. It is particularly challenging to collect consistent information on the abuses inflicted on migrants in official and unofficial detention centres in Libya, as well as on their needs.

Key documents



2017 Humanitarian Response Plan - Libya



Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017: Libya

International Crisis Group


The Libyan Political Agreement: Time for a Reset

A Quick Guide to Libya's Main Players


European Council on Foreign Relations - Mapping the Libya Conflict