Libya is divided between three governments, each relying on local militias for territorial control. The country has been in a state of civil war since 2014, generating shortages of food, fuel, water, medical supplies and electricity, as well as reduced access to healthcare and public services. 

Health, protection, shelter and NFIs are main reported needs, for both displaced and host population. 

INFORM measures Libya's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 6.0/10. Hazard and exposure as well as lack of coping capacity are of particular concern, at 8.4/10 and 6.7/10 respectively.?

Latest Developments

29/05: Water shortages in Derna are reported following clashes near the main desalination plant, which suspended its activities. The city’s only functioning hospital received its first shipment of medical supplies but is still unable to admit new patients. ?

24/05: Fighting in Derna has increased the number of IDPs within the city to a total of 1,800-4,300. The LNA has denied access to humanitarian organisations for the delivery of lifesaving assistance. The affected population is in urgent need of protection, health, and food assistance, as well as fuel to run facilities.?

Key priorities

Protection 1.1 million people are exposed to physical harm and human rights violations.?

Health 1.1 million people are in need of life-saving medical healthcare and essential medicines.?

Shelter & NFIs Some 600,000 are reported in need of shelter assistance and essential NFIs.?


Information Gaps and needs

Most international organisations have been operating remotely, largely from Tunisia, since 2014, and sectoral data is limited. It is particularly challenging to collect consistent information on the abuses inflicted on migrants in official and unofficial detention centres in Libya, as well as on their needs.


Key documents



2017 Humanitarian Response Plan - Libya



Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017: Libya

International Crisis Group


The Libyan Political Agreement: Time for a Reset

A Quick Guide to Libya's Main Players


European Council on Foreign Relations - Mapping the Libya Conflict