• Crisis Severity ?
    3.5
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    4.2
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    3.8
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    2.6
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    3.0
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 1,529,000 People displaced [?]
  • 1,529,000 People in Need [?]
  • 703,000 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]

Overview

04/07/2022

Lebanon hosts around 1.5 million displaced Syrians, including 844,000 registered Syrian refugees and 29,000 Palestinian refugees from Syria. ? One in four people in Lebanon is a Syrian refugee, making Lebanon the country with the highest number of displaced people per capita in the world ?.

Syrian refugees are affected by the worsening socioeconomic crisis, which has direct effects on livelihood opportunities and services. Almost the entire Syrian population in Lebanon lives on an income that does not cover basic needs. About half of Syrian refugees are food-insecure in 2021, but over 90% resort to food-based coping strategies. 96% of refugee households faced difficulty buying food in the third quarter of 2021 – up from 81% in the first quarter of the same year ?.

Female-headed Syrian households faced further economic vulnerabilities and used more food-based coping strategies compared to male-headed households, including borrowing food, relying on relatives’ help, reducing expenditures on other essentials, and restricting food consumption of female members ?.

Humanitarian assistance remains the main source of income for many refugees. Refugees spend most of the household budget on food, leaving few resources for shelter, health, education, and other necessities. They often resort to negative coping mechanisms such as cutting meals, borrowing money, or using savings. Refugees face difficulty accessing basic services and earning an income because of the economic crisis and COVID-19 containment measures ?.

Tensions between host and refugee populations are frequent and deepen the country’s socioeconomic disparities. The high number of Syrian refugees has put pressure on the already strained Lebanese economy. Food and rent prices have increased, competition for jobs has grown, and there is pressure on the health and education systems. Refugees in Lebanon also face significant protection issues, including lack of documentation, evictions, and discrimination ?.

 

Latest Developments

10/08/2022

Some families in Lebanon have been spending up to 50% of their monthly income on bread, a staple food, and have been skipping meals and eating expired and less nutritious food to copeThe Lebanese pound has lost 90% of its value since 2019, resulting in unsustainable governmental subsidies for bread. Bread prices have increased more than fourfold since last year. Bread shortages are the end result of reduced wheat supply caused by factors including the socioeconomic crisis and the Beirut port explosion. Lebanon’s import capacity has decreased by 60%, and damage caused by the port explosion reduced grain storage capacity by 100,000 metric tons. The Russian invasion of Ukraine has also impacted wheat supply and bread prices in Lebanon. Long queues for bread at bakeries are increasing tensions between host communities and Syrian refugees, who are at risk of increased violence. ?

Key Priorities

06/12/2021

Shelter: Over 55% of refugees live in shelters that are below the humanitarian standards or are in danger of collapse, including dangerous, substandard, or overcrowded structures ?.

Education: Only 53% of refugee children (6–14 years old) were enrolled in school in 2021. Costly educational materials and transportation are limiting their access to education ?.

Protection: The lack of legal documentation remains the main protection concern for Syrian refugees, as it prevents them from accessing basic services and being legally employed ?.

Child Protection: Syrian households are reported to increasingly engage in negative coping mechanisms, including child marriage and child labour. At least 27,825 refugee children were engaged in child labour in 2021, and about 20% of girls aged 15–19 were married ?.