Lebanon has the highest per capita concentration of refugees worldwide, hosting more than 1.5 million Syrian refugees, over 997,000 of whom are registered, as well as large populations of Palestinian refugees and Palestinian refugees from Syria. Tensions between host and refugee populations are increasing due to food price hikes, pressure on health and education systems, housing, and employment. Food, health, and protection assistance remain the main needs reported in Lebanon, especially for refugees.  

Legal documentation issues remain a major protection concern in Lebanon both for Palestinians and Syrian refugees. The lack of documentation prevent refugees to access to basic services and to be legally employed, also limits their free movement and puts them at risk of fines, arrests, detention, exploitation, and deportation. ?

INFORM measures Lebanon’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.9/10. Vulnerability is of particular concern, at 6.4/10.?

Latest Developments

No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team. Last checked: 06/04.

Parliamentary elections are due in May 2018. 

Key figures

  • 3,300,000 People in Need  [?]
  • 997,500 Registered Syrian refugees  [?]
  • 32,500 Palestinian refugees from Syria  [?]
  • 172,422 Palestinian refugees from Lebanon  [?]

Key priorities

Protection: Lebanese authorities have become increasingly more hostile towards Syrian refugees and an increasing number of evictions have displaced Syrians, particularly in the Bekaa Valley.

WASH:  WASH systems lack the capacity to cope with the influx of refugees. 



Information Gaps and needs

The conditions and needs of Lebanese returnees from Syria remain unknown as little attention is paid to this group.

Since September 2017 there has beeen no new information concerning return movement of Syrian refugees from Arsal, in Baalbek-Hermel governorate, to Syria.

No new figures of Iraqi refugees in Lebanon have been published since May 2017. 

Information on the conditions at the border with Syria, particularly at Masna’a and Aboudiyeh crossing points are limited.  

Key documents

by Ghida Anani


Dimensions of gender-based violence against Syrian refugees in Lebanon