Kenya has been affected by drought conditions and below-average rainy seasons. Drought was declared a national disaster in February 2017. Most of the affected people are in ASAL (arid and semi-arid) counties. The drought has deteriorated livestock conditions, water supplies, reduced harvests, and has caused conflict over resources. Since March 2018, the country has also been affected by heavy rains and flooding, leading to large-scale displacement and multisectoral humanitarian needs among the affected population.

Various disease outbreaks are affecting Kenya, including cholera and Rift Valley Fever.

Kenya also hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world, at around 500,000, including over 300,000 from Somalia.

Insecurity particularly affects the counties bordering Somalia, with Al Shabaab occasionally conducting attacks against civilians and state security forces. Some regions, such as the Right Valley and Isiolo county, are affected by intercommunal violence and banditry.

The 2017 presidential elections were marred by violence, but political tensions have significantly decreased since March 2018.

INFORM measures Kenya’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.9/10. ?

This country is being monitored by our analysis team daily. Crisis analysis content is updated on an ad hoc basis.


Key figures

  • 489,000 Refugees  [?]
  • 2,550,000 People in need of food assistance  [?]
  • 2,900,000 People in need of health  [?]

Key priorities

Humanitarian access: Poor road conditions and hilly terrain as well as flood-related infrastructure damage and insecurity hamper access.

Education: School attendance impacted by drought, food insecurity, lack of access to safe water, and displacement, as well as general insecurity

Food security: While drought conditions have eased, floods have destroyed crops and disrupted market access.

WASH: Floods have destroyed and damaged sanitation systems, leading to WASH needs and health concerns.

Protection: Effective mechanisms for prevention, surveillance, reporting, and response for SGBV is a priority concern. 11 percent of girls and almost 23 percent of women have been subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM). Early marriage and child labour increased due to the drought.

Information Gaps and needs

  • There is lack of information concerning humanitarian needs in Dadaab camps.
  • Little information is available on the impact of the drought on the affected population.
  • There is little information available about long-term and conflict-related IDPs.
Key documents



Drought in Eastern and Southern Africa