The number of people affected by acute food insecurity climbed from 700,000 in February 2016 to 3.4 million in July 2017. Drought was declared a national disaster in February 2017. Most of the affected people are in arid and semi-arid lands, with conditions worst in Kilifi, Lamu, Marsabit, Tana River, and Turkana counties. The drought has deteriorated livestock conditions, water supplies, reduced harvests, and has caused conflict over resources.

A cholera outbreak is affecting Nairobi, Garissa, Turkana, Kilifi, Kajiado, Machakos, and Vihiga.

Kenya also hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world, at just above 500,000, including over 300,000 from Somalia.

INFORM measures Kenya’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.9/10. ?

Latest Developments

10/11: As of 10 November, some 280 people are displaced in Marsabit by localised floods caused by heavy rains that are affecting north and central Kenya. ?

25/09: Cholera case fatality rate (CFR) increases from 1.5% to 1.8% in September.

18/09: Almost 370,000 children are now acutely malnourished (296,000 MAM and 72,000 SAM), up from 343,000 in February 2017.

13/09: As of September 2017, a nurses' strike continues to impact the provision of health services across the country. In six drought-affected counties, 50-80% percent of health facilities are not operational due to the strike, further impacting the population already affected by the drought. ?

Key priorities

Humanitarian access: increased inter-communal conflict and armed group attacks have hampered access.

Education: 465,000 children remain out of school due to drought, food insecurity, lack of access to safe water and displacement.

Food security: The average to below-average performance of the 2016 long rains has led to an increase in food insecurity.

Information Gaps and needs

  • There is lack of information concerning humanitarian needs in Dadaab camps.
  • Little information is available on the impact of the drought on the affected population.
Key documents



Drought in Eastern and Southern Africa