Kenya has been affected by drought conditions and below-average rainy seasons. Drought was declared a national disaster in February 2017. Most of the affected people are in arid and semi-arid lands, with conditions worst in Garissa, Tana River, Isiolo, and Kajiado counties. The drought has deteriorated livestock conditions, water supplies, reduced harvests, and has caused conflict over resources. Since March 2018, the country has been affected by heavy rains and flooding, leading to large-scale displacement and multisectoral humanitarian needs among the affected population.

A cholera outbreak is affecting Garissa, Elgeyo-Marakwet, Tharaka Nithi, Isiolo, West Pokot, Turkana, Nairobi, and Kiambu counties.

Kenya also hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world, at around 500,000, including over 300,000 from Somalia.

INFORM measures Kenya’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.9/10. ?

Key priorities

Humanitarian access: increased inter-communal conflict and armed group attacks have hampered access.

Education: school attendance impacted by drought, food insecurity, lack of access to safe water and displacement.

Food security: food security worsened due to drought conditions since the 2016 long rains season.

Information Gaps and needs

  • There is lack of information concerning humanitarian needs in Dadaab camps.
  • Little information is available on the impact of the drought on the affected population.
Key documents



Drought in Eastern and Southern Africa