After experiencing serious drought in 2017 and early 2018 many pastoral areas of Kenya are now recovering due to above average rainfall during the long rains season, resulting in good vegetation growth. However, pastoral livelihood areas will remain IPC Phase 1 (Minimal) and IPC Phase 2 (Stressed) into 2019 due to below average seasonal short rains. Livestock prices are currently between 13% and 30% above the five-year average while maize prices have consistently remained below the five year average.
Various disease outbreaks are affecting Kenya, including cholera and Rift Valley Fever. Kenya also hosts close to 500,000 refugees, including over 300,000 from Somalia. Insecurity particularly affects the counties bordering Somalia, with Al Shabaab conducting sporadic attacks against civilians and state security forces. Some regions, such as the Rift Valley and Isiolo county, are affected by intercommunal violence and banditry. Access in Kenya has been problematic during periods of flooding but has improved consistently into 2019.
INFORM measures Kenya’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.9/10. ?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.
Humanitarian access: Poor road conditions and hilly terrain as well as flood-related infrastructure damage and insecurity hamper access.
Education: School attendance is impacted by drought, food insecurity, lack of access to safe water, and displacement, as well as general insecurity.
Food security: While drought conditions have eased, floods have destroyed crops and disrupted market access.
Protection: Effective mechanisms for prevention, surveillance, reporting, and response for SGBV is a priority concern and many girls and women are affected by female genital mutilation. Early marriage and child labour increase during drought.
Information Gaps and needs
- There is lack of information concerning humanitarian needs in Dadaab camps.
- Little information is available on the impact of the drought on the affected population.
- There is little information available about long-term and conflict-related IDPs.