Jordan has the second highest per capita concentration of refugees worldwide. The latest estimates put the number of Syrian refugees at 1.3 million, of which roughly half are registered with UNHCR. ?? In addition, Jordan also hosts significant numbers of refugees from Palestine and Iraq, as well as other countries such as Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen.? ? The increase in population has put pressure on local infrastructure and services. Many refugees and vulnerable Jordanians live in substandard shelter, and have substantial food security, livelihoods, WASH, health, education and protection needs.
In addition to the refugee population inside Jordan, an estimated 85,000 Syrian refugees live in settlements around the Rukban and Hadalat border crossings between Syria and Jordan, referred to as The Berm. The border between the two countries has been closed or subject to very limited access to humanitarian organisations since June 2016, due to a number of attacks by IS and other groups. Refugees at the berm cannot enter Jordan and lack access to food, shelter, WASH facilities, drinking water and medical care.?
INFORM measures Jordan's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.2/10. Vulnerability is of particular concern, however, at 6.1/10.?
Access is a particular issue for the Syrian refugees living at the berm. The border corssings of Rukban and Hadalat were sealed off on 21 June 2016, after a deadly IS attack.? Aid through the area was resumed in November, however reports on activities and humanitarian conditions are scarce.?
Livelihoods are a key priority, as refugees and host communities both struggle with dwindling resources and rising living costs. 90% of refugees in urban setting live in poverty.?
Protection activities are important to build social cohesion between refugees and host communities.?
Shelter is a major concern outside of camps, particular after shelter programmes were constrained by government and lack of funding in 2015. 75% of Syrians live outside camps.? In addition, nearly 80,000 Syrian refugees are living in makeshift shelters around the Rukban and Hadalat border crossings, at the berm.?
Information Gaps and needs
- A number of reports and assessments exist on the situation of Syrian refugees in Jordan, however these needs updating.
- Data on needs of refugees at the berm area is extremely scarce.