As a result of conflicts that have consumed its neighbours, Jordan currently has the second highest per capita concentration of refugees worldwide.? The majority of refugees are Syrians, with 669,532 registered persons, although the figure could rise to above 1.3 million, if estimates of unregistered individuals are included.?
In addition, significant numbers of Syrian refugees are stranded in what is now known as “the Berm”, an area between two parallel berm walls marking the borders of Jordan and Syria, in the far eastern Badiya desert.? Refugees are largely concentrated in two informal settlements, Rukban and Hadalat. Their legal status is uncertain, and humanitarian access is severely restricted. While figures vary, there are between 50,000 and 60,000 people in Rukban. An estimated 1,000 people had settled in Hadalat, although it has been recently suggested that most, if not all, have moved to Rukban due to IS attacks.?
Access: Jordan’s northern and northeastern borders with Syria were sealed in 2016 after an IS attack coming from the Syrian side killed seven Jordanian border guards.? Jordan stopped regular aid deliveries after the attack, and humanitarian access to the Berm has been limited. Refugee populations are without regular access to adequate food, healthcare, education, and have inadequate living conditions. In January 2018, UN agencies obtained approval from the Jordanian Government to deliver aid to the population in Rukban, the first distribution in more than six months. The situation of the refugees at Rukban remains unchanged, while political stakeholders continue to negotiate access to the camp.?
INFORM measures Jordan's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 4.2/10. Vulnerability is of particular concern, however, at 6.1/10.?
18/10: No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team.
Livelihoods: Government restrictions are limiting the access of refugees to the labor market
Protection: Gender discrimination in employment, child labour and child marriage are frequent in the refugee communities
Shelter: Refugees living outside of camps spend a large portion of their income on expensive, unsafe accommodation
Health: As subsidies for Syrian refugees living outside camps are cancelled, healthcare becomes increasingly unaffordable for a majority of refugees