People are returning home after several years of conflict and displacement, but the Iraqi government faces significant challenges to ensure safety and stability, functioning infrastructure, and access to basic services and job opportunities. ? Relations with the autonomous Kurdish Region of Iraq (KR-I), which voted for independence in September 2017, remain fragile. ?
Some 10,000-15,000 IS militants are believed to remain in Hamrin Mountains, Kirkuk governorate, Mosul, the southern part of Ninewa governorate, and the desert areas of Anabar governorate. ?
Almost 65% of all people in need are concentrated in Anbar, Ninewa, and Salah al-Din governorates. ? Large scale displacement persists despite the expulsion of IS from Iraqi territory. Return movements slowed in 2018 as returnees often face damaged housing, insecurity, and lack basic services and livelihood opportunities. ? Additionally, Iraq hosts 250,000 Syrian refugees, of whom 99% live in KR-I. 69% of all Syrian refugees in Iraq are women and children. ?
INFORM measures Iraq’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.2/10. Hazard and exposure as well as lack of coping capacity are of particular concern, at 8.6/10 and 7/10 rates. ?
Restriction of movement due to insecurity, bureaucratic impediments, and increasing need for coordination between KR-I and Iraq restrict humanitarian access. ?Unexploded ordnance (UXO), especially in Ninewa and Kirkuk governorates, further hinder access to affected populations. ?
12/2: Flash floods, caused by heavy rains, destroyed 50 homes in Al-Rahimiya village, Najaf governorate and affected around 400 people in Babylon and 300 people in Wasit governorates in remote, riverine areas. Displacement is reported and priority needs are food and NFIs. Civil defense teams are supporting affected families and are enhancing preparedness measures in Masyan governorate which is expected to be affected by floods in the coming days.?
Protection is a major concern with 4.5 million people in need of protection assistance. ? Protection needs are particularly high in Anbar, Diyala, Ninewa, and Salah al-Din governorate. Explosive remnants of war are a particular safety risk. ?
Food and Livelihoods: 2.5 million people require food assistance and livelihood support, 60% of whom are in Anbar, Kirkuk, Ninewa and Salah al-Din governorates . ?
Information Gaps and needs
- Numbers of Iraqi refugees residing in other countries are missing. Additionally, there is no tracking of the numbers of IDPs that became refugees, neither of the numbers of refugee returnees, their needs and their whereabouts.
- Lack of clear and updated information on nutrition, which is incorporated into health sector reporting.
- Different delineations of administrative borders between central and regional governments (especially the KR-I) impacts on the accuracy of displacement tracking.