8.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Iraq, almost 80% of them concentrated in Ninewa, Kirkuk and Anbar governorates. Large scale displacement persists following the expulsion of Islamic State from Iraqi territory, with 2.3 million people left internally displaced after the IS invasion and subsequent military operations. Over 3.5 million IDPs have returned to their areas of origin since October 2016 and the number of returnees continues to increase. Forced returns are also reported as IDP camps continue to close. Returnees in many areas lack basic services, livelihood opportunities, and still face insecurity due to extremist pockets throughout the country. Ninewa is the epicentre of the crisis, hosting 46% of Iraqis who need humanitarian assistance. ?
INFORM measures Iraq’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.8/10. Hazard and exposure as well as lack of coping capacity are of particular concern, at 7.6/10 and 6.9/10 rates.?
Health services are severely underequipped and understaffed and 7.3 million people in need of assistance.?
Protection is a major concern with 5.2 million in need of protection assistance.?
WASH services are needed by 5.4 million people in Iraq. Access to safe drinking water and sanitation are a major concern.?
Information Gaps and needs
- Lack of clear and updated information on nutrition, which is incorporated into health sector reporting.
- Different delineations of administrative borders between central and regional governments (especially the KR-I) impacts on the accuracy of displacement tracking.