Overview

8.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Iraq, almost 80% of them concentrated in Ninewa, Kirkuk and Anbar governorates. Ninewa is the epicentre of the crisis, hosting 4 million (46%) Iraqis who need humanitarian assistance, followed by 1.6 million in Kirkuk, and 1.3 million in Anbar.? 

Large scale displacement persists following the expulsion of Islamic State from Iraqi territory. By 30 September, approximately 1.9 IDPs have been displaced since January 2014, whereas 4 million returnees were identified for the same period. ? Forced returns are also reported as IDP camps continue to close. Returnees in many areas lack basic service and livelihood opportunities, and still face insecurity due to extremist pockets throughout the country.?

INFORM measures Iraq’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.8/10. Hazard and exposure as well as lack of coping capacity are of particular concern, at 7.6/10 and 6.9/10 rates.? 

Key priorities

Health services are severely underequipped and understaffed and 7.3 million people in need of assistance.?

Protection is a major concern with 5.2 million in need of protection assistance.?

WASH services are needed by 5.4 million people in Iraq. Access to safe drinking water and sanitation are a major concern.?

 

Information Gaps and needs

 

  • Lack of clear and updated information on nutrition, which is incorporated into health sector reporting.
  • Different delineations of administrative borders between central and regional governments (especially the KR-I) impacts on the accuracy of displacement tracking.
Key documents

Council on Foreign Relations

22/03/2016

Backgrounder: The Islamic State

OCHA

30/11/2015

Iraq: 2016 Humanitarian Needs Overview

OCHA

31/12/2016

Iraq: 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan