A magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck Haiti at 8:10 pm on 6 October. It was followed by a first magnitude 5.2 aftershock on 7 October at approximately 3 pm local time, and by a second aftershock on 8 October at 1:04 am, with a 4.2 magnitude.? The departments of Artibonite, North-West (including Tortuga Island) and North were affected. By 20 October, 18 people had died, and at least 548 people were injured, across the three departments.?
Overall, approximately 48,900 people (11,134 families) were affected by the seismic activity. Shelter needs remain among the priorities, as 2,102 houses were destroyed, while another 15,932 were damaged.? Of those, approximately 1,460 houses were destroyed and 9,466 were damaged in North-West department alone.? In Gros-Morne, parts of a hospital and an auditorium collapsed.? In the three departments, 79 schools were destroyed or damaged.?
By early 2018, 37,667 IDPs remained displaced from the 2010 earthquake.?Most IDPs registered in 26 camps in Ouest department are in communes in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince, with others in Leogane and Gressier.? About 17,000 of the more than 37,000 IDPs from this earthquake still live in camps in areas at risk of flooding and landslides.?Besides being vulnerable to new natural disasters, IDPs from the earthquake are in need of protection and WASH assistance as they lack access to drinking water and sanitation facilities and are at risk of violence and exploitation.?