Natural hazards such as floods and hurricanes often contribute to the spread of waterborne diseases such as cholera in Haiti.? The weakness of the country's health system is considered to be a risk factor for the persistence of these diseases.?
In the first seven months of 2018, 2,889 suspected cholera cases and 35 deaths were recorded, a reduction of 66% and 67%, respectively, compared with the same period in 2017. However, an upward trend in the number of suspected cases was observed in April and May, with localized outbreaks due to heavy rains. According to figures recorded by a local organisation, four fatalities and 175 other cholera cases were recorded in Ouest department, between 14 June and 19 September. The deceased people were from Polyte and Source Félix, while the other cholera cases were recorded in Liane Doko, Gros Dos, Marre-Rouge, Pâque, Figue, Mathurin, and Génipailler localities.?
In 2017, 13,681 suspected cholera cases were reported , including 159 deaths (1.2% CFR). In comparison, 41,421 cases and 447 deaths were recorded in 2016. Humanitarian response and vaccination campaigns, especially in the Southern region, have contributed to the decrease.? In 2017, Artibonite, Ouest, Nord-Ouest, and Centre departments had the highest numbers of cases.?Since the cholera outbreak began in October 2010, 817,000 cases have been reported, including 9,749 deaths.?