Haiti is regularly exposed to natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. It was affected by El Niño conditions in 2015-2016, when drought affected over one million people. Category 4 Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on 4 October 2016. 1 million people remain in need of assistance, especially in the most affected areas of Grand’Anse and Sud.?The resilience of the population is extremely low, and the political and economic situation is fragile. Combined effects of drought, hurricanes, floods and poor socioeconomic conditions are the main drivers of food insecurity in Haiti. 1,32 million people still face food insecurity. ?A cholera outbreak emerged following the 2010 earthquake has persisted since October 2010, although the number of cases has significantly declined since the beginning of 2017.
INFORM measures Haiti's 2018 risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.3/10. Hazard and exposure is at 5.4/10. Vulnerability and lack of coping capacity are at 5.8/10 and 7.4/10. ?
WASH: Damage to drinking water supply and sanitation systems as a result of natural disasters exposes Haiti to significant health burdens.1.4 million people were reported in need of WASH assistance in the country, mainly due to the combined effects of hurricane Matthew and el Niño, which struck the country in 2016. ?
Food and livelihoods: There has been extensive damage to agricultural crops and livestock, especially in Grand’Anse and Nippes, following natural disasters that struck the country between 2015 and 2017. 1,32 million people still face food insecurity. ?
Shelter: The latest floods in April and November 2017 destroyed over thousand houses in Nippes and Sud department and increased vulnerability of families who were already subject to displacement after hurricane Matthew in October 2016.?
Information Gaps and needs
- Number of people in need of psychological support.
- Updates on new cases of Dengue, Chikungunya, malaria and zika.