Overview

Haiti is regularly affected by natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. In 2018, at least 2.8 million people in Haiti were in need of humanitarian assistance. The resilience of the population is extremely low, and the political and economic situation is fragile.?

Food insecurity persists in Haiti, and is driven by the combined effects of natural hazards and poor socioeconomic conditions.?

Haiti continues to fight outbreaks of cholera and diphtheria. The diphtheria outbreak began in 2014, while the cholera outbreak started in the aftermath of the destructive earthquake of 2010. Recurring natural disasters, as well as the weakness of Haiti’s health system, are contributing factors to the persistence of these diseases.?

For 2019, INFORM measures Haiti's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.5/10. The country scored particularly high in the "Lack of coping capacity" category, at 7.4/10.?

Latest Developments

24/01: Approximately 386,365 people are in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency) level of acute food insecurity, and some 1,872,616 people are in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) level, between October 2018 and February 2019.?

30/10: Shelter needs remain the priority for humanitarian assistance for people affected by October 2018 earthquakes in Artibonite, North-West, and North departments. Overall, about 2,102 houses were destroyed and 15,932 damaged in the earthquake.?

25/09: Cholera outbreak in Haiti persists, as 179 new confirmed cases (four of which resulted in fatalities, CFR 2.23%) were recorded between 14 June and 19 September 2018 in several localities in Ouest department.?

Key priorities

Food security: between October 2018 and February 2019, 386,365 people are in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency), while 1,872,616 people are in IPC Phase 3 (Crisis).?