Overview

Haiti is regularly exposed to natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. It was affected by El Niño conditions in 2015-2016, when drought affected over one million people. Category 4 Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on 4 October 2016. More than 1 million people remain in need of assistance following the hurricane, especially Grand’Anse and Sud.?The resilience of the population is extremely low, and the political and economic situation is fragile. Combined effects of drought, hurricanes, floods and poor socioeconomic conditions are the main drivers of food insecurity in Haiti.?

A cholera outbreak emerged following the 2010 earthquake has persisted since October 2010, although the number of cases has significantly declined since the beginning of 2017.? A diphteria outbreak is still ongoing since December 2014.?

INFORM measures Haiti's 2018 risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.3/10. Hazard and exposure is at 5.4/10. Vulnerability and lack of coping capacity are at 5.8/10 and 7.4/10. ?

Latest Developments

08/10: At least 17 people were killed and 421 were injured as earthquakes struck Haiti three times between 6–8 October. The departments of Artibonite, North-West (including Tortuga Island) and North were mainly affected.?

25/09: Cholera outbreak in Haiti persists, as 179 new confirmed cases (four of which resulted in fatalities, CFR 2.23%) were recorded between 14 June and 19 September 2018 in several localities in Ouest department.?

Key figures

  • 2,100,000 People in need of humanitarian assistance  [?]
  • 37,700 IDPs  [?]
  • 1,320,000 People in food insecurity  [?]

Key priorities

WASH: Damage to drinking water supply and sanitation systems as a result of natural disasters exposes Haiti to significant health burdens. ?

Health: Although the number of cholera cases has been sharply decreasing in Haiti since 2016, outbreaks are continued to be declared each year. ?

 

Information Gaps and needs

  • Number of people in need of psychological support.
  • Updates on new cases of Dengue, Chikungunya, malaria and zika.
Key documents