Overview

Haiti is regularly exposed to natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. It was affected by El Niño conditions in 2015-2016, when drought affected over one million people. Category 4 Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on 4 October 2016. More than 1 million people remain in need of assistance following the hurricane, especially Grand’Anse and Sud.?The resilience of the population is extremely low, and the political and economic situation is fragile. Combined effects of drought, hurricanes, floods and poor socioeconomic conditions are the main drivers of food insecurity in Haiti.?

A cholera outbreak has persisted since October 2010, although the number of cases has significantly declined since the beginning of 2017.? A diphteria outbreak is still ongoing since December 2014.?

For 2019, INFORM measures Haiti's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.5/10. The country scored particularly high in the "Lack of coping capacity" category, at 7.4/10.?

Latest Developments

14/11: Most departments in Haiti are expected to face Minimal (IPC 1) or Stressed (IPC 2) levels of acute food insecurity between October 2018 and January 2019. However, communities most affected by drought conditions that delayed crop production in North, North-East and West departments could face Crisis (IPC 3) levels.?

30/10: Shelter needs remain the priority for humanitarian assistance for people affected by October 2018 earthquakes in Artibonite, North-West, and North departments. Overall, about 2,102 houses were destroyed and 15,932 damaged in the earthquake.?

25/09: Cholera outbreak in Haiti persists, as 179 new confirmed cases (four of which resulted in fatalities, CFR 2.23%) were recorded between 14 June and 19 September 2018 in several localities in Ouest department.?

Key figures

  • 2,100,000 People in need of humanitarian assistance  [?]
  • 37,700 IDPs  [?]
  • 1,320,000 People in food insecurity  [?]

Key priorities

WASH: Damage to drinking water supply and sanitation systems as a result of natural disasters exposes Haiti to significant health burdens. ?

Health: Although the number of cholera cases has been sharply decreasing in Haiti since 2016, outbreaks are continued to be declared each year. ?

 

Information Gaps and needs

  • Number of people in need of psychological support.
  • Updates on new cases of Dengue, Chikungunya, malaria and zika.