Haiti is regularly exposed to natural disasters, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. It was affected by El Niño conditions in 2015-2016, when drought affected over one million people. Category 4 Hurricane Matthew struck Haiti on 4 October 2016. More than 1 million people remain in need of assistance following the hurricane, especially Grand’Anse and Sud.?The resilience of the population is extremely low, and the political and economic situation is fragile. Combined effects of drought, hurricanes, floods and poor socioeconomic conditions are the main drivers of food insecurity in Haiti.?A cholera outbreak emerged following the 2010 earthquake has persisted since October 2010, although the number of cases has significantly declined since the beginning of 2017.
INFORM measures Haiti's 2018 risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.3/10. Hazard and exposure is at 5.4/10. Vulnerability and lack of coping capacity are at 5.8/10 and 7.4/10. ?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team. Last checked: 12/03.
WASH: Damage to drinking water supply and sanitation systems as a result of natural disasters exposes Haiti to significant health burdens. ?
Food and livelihoods: There has been extensive damage to agricultural crops and livestock, especially in Grand’Anse and Nippes, following natural disasters that struck the country between 2015 and 2017. ?
Shelter: Floods in April and November 2017 destroyed over 1,000 houses in Nippes and Sud department and flooding increased vulnerability of families displaced after hurricane Matthew in October 2016.?
Information Gaps and needs
- Number of people in need of psychological support.
- Updates on new cases of Dengue, Chikungunya, malaria and zika.