About eight million people in Ethiopia are in need of humanitarian assistance, largely as a consequence of internal conflict, international displacement, and recurrent natural hazards.? Several regions experienced a dramatic escalation of intercommunal violence throughout 2018, which caused more than 1.3 million new displacements and increased Ethiopia’s total IDP population to 2.4 million.? Ethiopia also hosts more than 900,000 refugees. Over 99% of the refugees come from four neighbouring countries: South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea, and most currently reside in camp settings.?
Humanitarian need in Ethiopia is also significantly impacted by recurrent natural hazards, in particular drought and flooding. Several consecutive years of drought in southern and southeastern Ethiopia have led to worsening food security and disrupted the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers and herders.? Nearly all of Somali regional state, which is one of the regions most affected by food insecurity, is in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed) or IPC Phase 3 (Crisis). ? Nationwide, approximately 7.88 million people continue to require emergency food assistance. ?
INFORM measures Ethiopia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high at 6.9/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern at 7.7/10.
Fighting between unidentified armed groups in western and central Gondar has killed more than 30 people and destroyed approximately 300 houses in the last two weeks. According to local media sources, up to 46,000 people may have been newly displaced by the spike in violence. Regional and national government authorities report supplying emergency food assistance to affected areas, but are struggling to meet the humanitarian needs of the displaced population.?
WASH: 8.2 million people were in need of wash assistance in Ethiopia as of October, an increase from 6.9 million people in January 2018. Hygiene and sanitation facilities in the Oromia and Somali regions as well as in the SNNP and Oromia regions are particularly limited because of insecurity.?
Food: 7.9 million Ethiopians need food assistance. Areas of highest food insecurity include eastern Somali Region, border pastoral areas of Oromia (parts of Guji and Borena) and Somali regions, parts of East and West Hararghe in Oromia, and West Guji of Oromia and Gedeo of SNNP Region. Crisis (IPC 3) is projected to continue in these areas until January 2019, also due to recent conflicts.?
Health: 7.5 million people are in need of health assistance. New IDP arrivals displaced due to the Gedeo-Guji conflict since early June 2018 have stretched the health service capacity in the region, which was already inadequate due to prior displacement. Also, in the area of Jijica (Somali region), hospitals and health facilities were abandoned as health workers fled to escape insecurity. AWD/cholera, measles, yellow fever and dengue fever are the main communicable diseases in Ethiopia.?
Information Gaps and needs
Lack of access has resulted in very limited information on many hard-to-reach areas and areas where clashes continue.