Several internal conflicts and security issues have led to greater humanitarian needs across the country in 2018. Hostilities between Oromo and Somali groups over border demarcations and resources have led to significant casualties, deaths, and displacement. Fighting escalated in Jijiga (eastern Somali region) at the beginning of August. Intercommunal violence has displaced people in the SNNP region (Gedeos) and Oromia region (Gujis) since April and in Benishangul-Gumuz and Oromia regions since September. There are 2.6 million IDPs in the country. ?
Consecutive below-average rainy seasons have caused severe drought across northern, eastern, and central Ethiopia.? However, the 2018 belg rainfall season (February-June) led to flooding along river basins in Oromia, Somali and SNNP regions, affecting some 382,000 people and displacing some 172,000 people in Somali region alone.?
Hosting over 900,000 refugees from neighbouring countries, including 420,000 from South Sudan, most of Ethiopia’s refugee camps have reached full capacity. Overcrowding, malnutrition, and critical shortfalls in humanitarian aid are of concern. Most refugees have been in protracted displacement, but remain in need of assistance.?
Following the Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship signed by the Eritrean and Ethiopian governments, Zalambesa and Bure border crossing points were reopened on 11 September. Since then, a new wave of refugees has been registered at the Endabaguna Reception Centre. Main humanitarian needs are shelter and healthcare.?
INFORM measures Ethiopia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high at 6.9/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern at 7.7/10.?
18/12: Hundreds of people have fled across the border to Kenya following violence between ethnic groups in Moyale town from 13-15 December. At least 34 people were killed and 161 people injured in the fighting. ?
WASH: 8.2 million people were in need of wash assistance in Ethiopia as of October, an increase from 6.9 million people in January 2018. Hygiene and sanitation facilities in the Oromia and Somali regions as well as in the SNNP and Oromia regions are particularly limited because of insecurity.?
Food: 7.9 million Ethiopians need food assistance. Areas of highest food insecurity include eastern Somali Region, border pastoral areas of Oromia (parts of Guji and Borena) and Somali regions, parts of East and West Hararghe in Oromia, and West Guji of Oromia and Gedeo of SNNP Region. Crisis (IPC 3) is projected to continue in these areas until January 2019, also due to recent conflicts.?
Health: 7.5 million people are in need of health assistance. New IDP arrivals displaced due to the Gedeo-Guji conflict since early June 2018 have stretched the health service capacity in the region, which was already inadequate due to prior displacement. Also, in the area of Jijica (Somali region), hospitals and health facilities were abandoned as health workers fled to escape insecurity. AWD/cholera, measles, yellow fever and dengue fever are the main communicable diseases in Ethiopia.?
Information Gaps and needs
Lack of access has resulted in very limited information on many hard-to-reach areas and areas where clashes continue.