The Eritrean refugee population is estimated at more than 321,000 people. UN estimates that each month some 5,000 Eritreans, among them hundreds of unaccompanied minors, leave the country.?? The majority of Eritrean asylum seekers cite mandatory indefinite military conscription as the primary reason for fleeing; followed by military service defectors escaping severe abuse and imprisonment, and elderly people hoping to be reunited with family members.?
Ethiopia: As of 31 January, approximately 165,510 Eritrean refugees were registered in camps, down from 169,655 in April 2017. Tigray region is hosting more than 11,000 Eritreans. ?? The decrease is due to a verification exercise of the location of Eritrean refugees, which revealed significant movement from camps to urban areas. As of May more than 73,000 Eritreans live in urban areas and are therefore not considered refugees.??
Sudan: Sudan reportedly hosts over 108,000 Eritrean refugees.? Approximately one third of the Eritreans whom the UNHCR records crossing into Sudan register as refugees.? Forced returns are regular and still reported in November.???
Uganda: Uganda hosts 12,654 Eritrean refugees.?
Kenya: Kenya hosts 1,347 Eritrean refugees.?
Europe: In 2017, a total of 7,251 Eritreans arrived in Europe. The great majority arrived in Italy.?
Refugees in Eritrea
According to UNHCR, Eritrea hosts 2,246 Somali refugees.?