The Eritrean refugee population is estimated at more than 321,000 people. UN estimates that each month some 5,000 Eritreans, among them hundreds of unaccompanied minors, leave the country.? The majority of Eritrean asylum seekers cite mandatory indefinite military conscription as the primary reason for fleeing, followed by military service defectors escaping severe abuse and imprisonment, and elderly people hoping to be reunited with family members.? Many arrive on European shores: in 2015, a total of 38,791 crossed the Mediterranean, arriving mostly in Italy. Eritreans constitute the biggest group of migrants arriving in Italy by boat.?? Eritreans face the risk of being prosecuted when they return to Eritrea.?
Ethiopia: As of 31 May, aproximately 161,400 Eritrean refugees were registered in camps, down from 169,655 as of April. The decrease is due to a verification exercice of the location of Eritrean refugees, which has revealed important movement from camps to urban areas. A total 73,078 Eritreans live in urban areas and are therefore not considered refugees.?? The number of Eritrean refugee arrivals spiked from November 2016 to April with over 7,000 new refugees.?? Over 4,500 Eritrean refugees crossed the border during the first weeks of the year. 39% of new arrivals are children, of whom 14% were identified as unaccompanied or separated. 150–200 Eritreans reportedly arrive daily at the Endabaguna screening centre in Tigray region.? The increase may be attributable to the introduction of a tax on each head of livestock in Eritrea?
These refugees are mainly settled in four camps in the northern Tigray and Afar regions.?? An estimated 300 to 400 unaccompanied minors arrive in the Tigray camps each month, and around 200 depart the camps each month.?
Sudan: Sudan reportedly hosts over 108,000 Eritrean refugees.? Eritreans arrive in Sudan daily.? Forced returns are regular.?? Approximately one third of the Eritreans whom the UNHCR records crossing into Sudan register as refugees.?
Uganda: Key findings?
Kenya: Key findings, up from 1,540 in October 2016. The majority are in Nairobi.??