The Eritrean government severely restricts the access of humanitarian actors inside the country. Very little is known about humanitarian needs: in 2016 UNICEF estimated a total affected population of 1.5 million.? UN operations are restricted to health, water supply and sanitation. An average of 5,000 Eritreans per month are thought to flee the country. Much of the country is affected by recurrent drought.
INFORM measures Eritrea's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be medium, at 5.5/10. Vulnerability is measured at 4.7/10.?
Access: Access to information and humanitarian access are extremely limited in Eritrea. Very little is known about humanitarian needs.
Protection: Torture, arbitrary detention, and indefinite national service are reported.?
Food security: Eritrea is a drought prone country. Some farmers report being prevented from harvesting or attending to crops due to mandatory national service, which in turn negatively impacts on food security.