The Eritrean government severely restricts the access of humanitarian actors inside the country. Very little is known about humanitarian needs: UNICEF estimates that the total affected population is 1.5 million.?UN operations have been restricted to health, water supply and sanitation. An average of 5,000 Eritreans per month are thought to flee the country. Much of the country is affected by recurrent drought, which has been particularly severe over the past year as a result of El Niño.
INFORM measures Eritrea's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be 5.4/10. Eritrea's vulnerability is measured at 4.8/10.
As a proxy for an overall number of people in need ACAPS uses the estimated number of SAM cases. For this reason, Eritrea has been ranked as a ‘situation of concern.’
16/06: Following the cut of diplomatic ties with Qatar by both Eritrea and Djibouti as of early June, Qatar withdraw its peacekeeping troops along the border between Eritrea and Djibouti. As a result Eritrea deployed troops in contested Dumeira mountains, thus increasing tensions with Djibouti.?
- 22,700 Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) Cases [?]
Access: The government severely restricts humanitarian access, hindering response. There has been a lack of international NGO partners since the end of 2011 and UN agencies are only allowed to carry out programs related to health and WASH.?
Protection: Torture, arbitrary detention, and indefinite national service are reported.?
Food security: Satellite-based monitoring suggests that much of the country is affected by recurrent drought, that has been particularly severe over the past year as a result of El Niño. Food security is exacerbated by mandatory national service preventing farmers from harvesting or attending to crops.?