• Crisis Severity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Impact ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Humanitarian Conditions ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Complexity ?
    0 Very low
    Very high 5
  • Access Constraints ?
    No constraints
    Extreme constraints

Key figures

  • 145,000 People in Need [?]
  • 13,989,000 Minimal humanitarian conditions - Level 1 [?]
  • 0 Stressed humanitarian conditions - Level 2 [?]
  • 145,000 Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3 [?]
  • 0 Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4 [?]
  • 0 Extreme humanitarian conditions - Level 5 [?]



Egypt is a destination country for refugees arriving from across the Middle East and East Africa. There were over 271,000 registered refugees and asylum seekers from over 60 different countries as at the end of December 2021 – half from Syria (136,700), followed by Sudan (52,000), South Sudan (20,700), Eritrea (20,900), and Ethiopia (15,400).? 

Refugees and asylum seekers live with the urban population and are heavily reliant on humanitarian assistance. There are no refugee camps. Most Syrian refugees and asylum seekers live in overcrowded and poor neighbourhoods of cities in governorates such as Giza (38,000), Cairo (23,400), Alexandria (21,400), Kalyoubia (19,500), and Sharkia (10,700). Rising costs and legal barriers to access formal employment leave Syrians in Egypt in a precarious situation. COVID-19 containment measures such as shorter working hours and movement restrictions have worsened the situation, leading to income disruptions. An aggravating factor is the economic crisis Egypt is facing, with high inflation rates. ?

Latest Developments


No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Priorities


Livelihoods: COVID-19 containment measures such as shorter working hours and movement restrictions have affected Syrian refugees’ livelihoods and sources of income, making them unable to meet their basic needs and cover housing costs. Legal and administrative barriers faced by Syrian and other refugees and asylum seekers in Egypt represent a challenge in accessing economic opportunities.? 

Protection: About 350,000 unregistered Syrian refugees live in Egypt; without registration, they are likely to be in need of legal protection and assistance.?

Information Gaps and Needs

  • One of the most comprehensive needs assessment of Syrian refugees in Egypt dates back to 2017 and more recent data is lacking.?
  • 2,900 Palestinian refugees from Syria are estimated to live in Egypt, mostly in Cairo.? They are not registered by UNCHR and their legal status in the country is precarious, yet more precise information on their needs and number is lacking.