Overview

A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Conflict is between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups, and mainly impacting the eastern provinces. Although the security situation has improved slightly since 2013, conflict continues. Access remains volatile in the east, and lack of infrastructure is a general problem across the country. Fighting and insecurity is mostly affecting populations in Sud- and Nord-Kivu, Ituri, Tanganyika, and Haut-Katanga provinces. Since mid-August 2016, the security situation in the Kasai region has significantly deteriorated due to attacks by Kamuina Nsapu militia, and clashes between FARDC and the militia. Health is a priority need due to recurrent measles, cholera, and malaria outbreaks, and protection concerns are high. 

A presidential election is due in 2017, and it has been agreed that President Kabila, whose term limit ended in December 2016, will then step down. At least 50 people died in election-related violence in 2016. 

INFORM measures DRC's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern, at 8/10 as well as vulnerability at 7.3/10.?

Latest Developments

11/09: 10,000 people were displaced from Alimbongo, Lubero territory, in Nord-Kivu ,between the end of August and the beginning of September due to clashes between FARDC and Mayi-Mayi militias. Access continues to deteriorate with several attacks perpetrated around Lubero city limiting movement. ?

15/09: At least 36 refugees from Burundi killed by FARDC in Sud-Kivu while protesting plans to send some of them home.?

15/09: 167,000 refugees from CAR in DRC as of end August compared to 102,500 the previous month; this increase is due to intensive fighting in CAR.?

11/09: 7.4 million children out of school across the country.?

Tension and violence are increasing in Katanga area because of the delay in the elections. There are concerns that a crisis, similar to the war of late 1990s, which followed the overthrowing of Mobutu, could take place. ?

Key figures

  • 7,300,000 People in need of assistance  [?]
  • 7,700,000 People food insecure  [?]
  • 3,800,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 464,078 Refugees  [?]

Key priorities

Food security, particularly in Dibaya and Kazumba territories (Kasai-Central), Kamonia (Kasai), Kabeya-Kamwanga and Miabi (Kasai Oriental), and Lusambo (Sankuru).?

WASH along the Congo River, where most cholera cases have been reported.?

Protection, especially in the conflict-affected areas between Rutshuru, Walikale, and Lubero territories, Nord-Kivu , Pweto, Haut-Katanga, and in former Kasai region.??

Information Gaps and needs

  • Very limited information available on nutrition
Key documents
01/06/2017

REPUBLIQUE DEMOCRATIQUE DU CONGO (RDC) Situation actuelle de l’insécurité alimentaire aiguë - Juin 2017

Congo Research Group

01/10/2015

The Landscape of Armed Groups in the Eastern Congo

Multiple Agencies

01/01/2014

Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14