A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Conflict is between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups, and mainly impacting the eastern provinces. Access remains volatile in the east, and lack of infrastructure is a general problem across the country. Fighting and insecurity is mostly affecting populations in Sud- and Nord-Kivu, Ituri, Maniema, Tanganyika, and Haut-Katanga provinces. Since mid-August 2016, the security situation in the Kasai region has significantly deteriorated due to attacks by Kamuina Nsapu militia, and clashes between FARDC and the militia. Health is a priority need due to recurrent measles, cholera, and malaria outbreaks, and protection concerns are high. 

The presidential election, postponed from December 2016 to the end of 2017, has been rescheduled for December 2018. At least 50 people died in election-related violence in 2016. 

INFORM measures DRC's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.6/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern, at 8/10 as well as vulnerability at 7.8/10.?

Latest Developments

22/01: Cameroonian authorities have forcibly returned around a few thousand of the 9,000 Nigerian refugees recently displaced due to violence in Rann ?

Key figures

  • 13,000,000 People in need  [?]
  • 4,500,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 527,000 Refugees  [?]
  • 9,900,000 Food insecure  [?]
  • 10,500,000 In need of health assistance  [?]

Key priorities

Food security, particularly in Kasai, Kasai-Central, Sankuru, Tanganyika and Nord-Kivu.?

Protection, especially in the conflict-affected areas between Rutshuru, Walikale, and Lubero territories, Nord-Kivu , Pweto, Haut-Katanga, and in former Kasai region.?

WASH along the Congo River, in eastern provinces and in greater Kasai region, where most cholera cases have been reported.?

Information Gaps and needs

  • Very limited information available on nutrition