Overview

A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Conflict is between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups, and mainly impacting the eastern provinces. Although the security situation has improved slightly since 2013, conflict continues. Access remains volatile in the east, and lack of infrastructure is a general problem across the country. Fighting and insecurity is mostly affecting populations in Sud- and Nord-Kivu, Ituri, Tanganyika, and Haut-Katanga provinces. Since mid-August 2016, the security situation in the Kasai region has significantly deteriorated due to attacks by Kamuina Nsapu militia, and clashes between FARDC and the militia. Health is a priority due to recurrent measles, cholera, and malaria outbreaks, and protection concerns are high. 

A presidential election is due in 2017, and it has been agreed that President Kabila, whose term limit ended in December 2016, will then step down. At least 50 people died in election-related violence in 2016. 

INFORM measures DRC's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern, at 8/10 as well as vulnerability at 7/10.?

Latest Developments

25/05: Over 130 suspected meningitis cases, including 21 deaths, have been reported in Mweka territory, Kasai province, since mid-April.?

25/07: An estimated 16,000 people, who have been displaced between April and mid-July, have not yet received humanitarian assistance in Lubero, Nord-Kivu, due to continued insecurity.?

22/07: Since mid-July, fighting has increased between NDC-Rénové and Mayi-Mayi Mazembe in Lubero and Walikale territories. At least 13 people have died from 17-18 July, including three civilians, and 7,000 people have been displaced withing these areas as a result.??

20/07: Over 170 health centres in Kasai and Kasai Central provinces have been looted since the beginning of the Kamuina Nsapu insurgency in August 2016. Over 200,000 children do not have adequate access to healthcare in these two provinces, as a result.?

Tension and violence are increasing in Katanga area because of the delay in the elections. There are concerns that a crisis, similar to the war of late 1990s, which followed the overthrowing of Mobutu, could take place. ?

Key figures

  • 7,300,000 People in need of assistance  [?]
  • 5,900,000 People food insecure  [?]
  • 3,800,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 464,078 Refugees  [?]

Key priorities

Food security, particularly in Dibaya and Kazumba territories (Kasai-Central), Kamonia (Kasai), Kabeya-Kamwanga and Miabi (Kasai Oriental), and Lusambo (Sankuru).?

WASH along the Congo River, where most cholera cases have been reported.?

Protection, especially in the conflict-affected areas between Rutshuru, Walikale, and Lubero territories, Nord-Kivu and in former Kasai region.??

Information Gaps and needs

  • Very limited information available on nutrition and food security
  • The majority of information about emergency educational needs comes from the local media
Key documents

USAID

01/01/2012

Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance Assessment of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Congo Research Group

01/10/2015

The Landscape of Armed Groups in the Eastern Congo

Multiple Agencies

01/01/2014

Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium

01/01/2012

Livelihoods, Basic Services and Social Protection in Democratic Republic of the Congo