Overview

A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Conflict is between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups, and mainly impacting the eastern provinces. Although the security situation has improved slightly since 2013, conflict continues. Access remains volatile in the east, and lack of infrastructure is a general problem across the country. Fighting in insecurity is currently mostly affecting populations in Sud- and Nord-Kivu, Ituri, Tanganyika, and Haut-Katanga provinces.Since mid-August 2016, the security situation in the Kasai region has significantly deteriorated due to attacks by Kamuina Nsapu militia, and clashes between FARDC and the militia. Health is a priority due to recurrent measles, cholera, and malaria outbreaks, and protection concerns are high. 

A presidential election is due in 2017, and it has been agreed that President Kabila, whose term limit ended in December 2016, will then step down. At least 50 people died in election-related violence in 2016. 

INFORM measures DRC's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern, at 8/10 as well as vulnerability at 7/10.?

Latest Developments

 

28/05: 4,800 ducks and 420 hens have died of avian flu in northeastern territories of Ituri.? 

26/05: Malnutrition levels are high around Kalemie, Tanganyika, with SAM at 4.5% and GAM at 16%, above emergency thresholds.?

16/05: Police destroyed shelters of 1,800 IDPs in spontaneous Kaseke II IDP camp, near Kalemie, Tanganyiaka. Forced return of IDPs to their village of origin by authorities has been planned.? 

06/05: 40 suspected cases of yellow fever have been recorded since the beginning of the year in southern Lualaba.? 

06/05: Since 29 April, at least four people have been killed, 22 injured and 300 houses destroyed in clashes between Luba and Batwa communities in areas north of Kalemie, Tanganyika. 37,000 people – including 25,000 IDPs – were forced to flee to Kalemie.?

 

 

Tension and violence are increasing in Katanga area because of the delay in the elections. There are concerns that a crisis, similar to the war of late 1990s, which followed the overthrowing of Mobutu, could take place. ?

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Key priorities

Food security, particularly in Punia (Maniema), Nyunzu and Manono (Tanganyika), Irumu (Ituri), Beni and Walikale (Nord-Kivu), Shabunda (Sud-Kivu), Bafwasende (Tshopo), and Mambasa (Ituri).?

WASH along the Congo River, where most cholera cases have been reported.?

Protection, especially in the conflict-affected areas between Rutshuru, Walikale, and Lubero territories, Nord-Kivu.?

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Information Gaps and needs

  • Very limited information available on nutrition.
  • The majority of information about emergency educational needs comes from the local media.
  • Only two thirds of the country was measured for the latest food security assessment, therefore, the real needs may be higher.

Lessons learned

  • The Cluster approach has proven very successful in DRC. Cluster meetings strengthened the links between humanitarian organisations present in Kinshasa and eastern provinces. Cluster approach is particularly successful in the eastern provinces for addressing displacement issues.??
  • Physical security (including child protection and prevention of gender-based violence) is not guaranteed in IDP camps and the displaced express fear of going to camps. The level of insecurity, criminality, prostitution, hostilities, and exploitation appears to be high. Camps are not located within MONUSCO protected areas, and armed groups have repeatedly attacked camps in the past and continue to do so.?
  • IDPs disrupt host communities' micro-economic equilibrium. IDPs are forced to remunerate their hosts by sharing the aid they receive and are victims of intimidation. ?
  • Despite the existence of programmes working to prevent and respond to gender-based violence, women’s needs are underserved in the east of the country. When displacement occurs, organisations are rarely equipped to respond to needs within the critical timeframes necessary to prevent further harm.?
Key documents

USAID

01/01/2012

Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance Assessment of the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Congo Research Group

01/10/2015

The Landscape of Armed Groups in the Eastern Congo

Multiple Agencies

01/01/2014

Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14

Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium

01/01/2012

Livelihoods, Basic Services and Social Protection in Democratic Republic of the Congo