Crisis Severity The severity score from 1 to 5 is based on 31 indicators aggregated into 3 pillars (impact, conditions, and complexity)2.40 Very lowVery high 5
Impact This measures the impact of the crisis itself, in terms of the scope of its geographical, and human effects.1.60 Very lowVery high 5
Humanitarian Conditions This measures the conditions and status of the people affected, including info about the distribution of severity.2.50 Very lowVery high 5
Complexity This measures the complexity of the crisis, in terms of factors that affect its mitigation or resolution.2.60 Very lowVery high 5
Access Constraints This measures the level of humanitarian access constraints.1.0No constraintsExtreme constraints
Recurrent and severe droughts over the past two decades have led to a significant deterioration in food security. Malnutrition data is unavailable. In 2019, around 280,000 people (29% of the population, increasing from 21% in the first half of 2018) are estimated to face chronic food insecurity of IPC phase 3 (Crisis) and 4 (Emergency). Most impacted areas are Obock region in the north, and Ali Sabieh and Dikhil in the south, with 30%, 25% and 20% respectively of rural population at Emergency levels. ?
The main cause of chronic food insecurity in rural areas is recurring droughts causing scarcity of natural resources and increased depletion of assets due to lack of sustainable livelihoods. The population’s diminished coping capacities have led to increased population movements from rural to urban areas, including the capital, where vulnerable people live in precarious conditions, unable to generate sufficient income to meet basic needs. In urban areas the high unemployment rate affects access to food. 70% of the total population is concentrated in urban areas, particularly Djibouti city and its periphery Balbala where 15% and 25% respectively of the population is in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). ?
INFORM measures Djibouti’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high, at 5.4/10, an increase from 5.2/10 in 2018. Lack of coping capacity is of concern at 6.4/10, and vulnerability at 5.4/10. ?
No recent significant humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.