Recurrent and severe droughts over the past two decades have led to a significant deterioration in Djibouti’s humanitarian situation. The population’s coping capacities have been eroded, causing rural to urban migration and leaving households unable to generate sufficient income to meet basic needs.

The presence of migrants and refugees has created additional pressure on the state’s limited capacity. There has been an influx of refugees from Yemen since the escalation of conflict in March 2015. Additionally, the country hosts long-term Somali, Ethiopian, and Eritrean refugees, as well as Djiboutian returnees from Yemen, and transiting migrants. 

In May 2018, Djibouti was hit by a Cyclone Sagar, which caused damage to shelters and induced displacement. Floods due to Cyclone Sagar are driving significant shelter, WASH, and education needs. 

INFORM measures Djibouti’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high, at 5.4/10, an increase from 5.2/10 in 2018. Lack of coping capacity is of concern at 6.4/10, and vulnerability at 5.4/10. Humanitarian needs are severely increasing as refugee camps are overwhelmed with refugees and migrants.

This country is being monitored by our analysis team daily. Crisis analysis content is updated on an ad hoc basis.


Latest Developments

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This country is being monitored by our analysis team. Last checked 27/08.

Key figures

  • 27,800 Registered refugees and asylum-seekers  [?]
  • 244,900 People in need  [?]
  • 197,000 Food insecure  [?]

Key priorities

Food security, mainly in southeastern, northwestern and Obock regions.

Shelter in Obock and Djibouti City for new arrivals from Yemen.

Protection, mainly for new arrivals from Yemen.

Information Gaps and needs

  • Limited information on conditions in refugee camps.
  • Very limited WASH information.
Key documents