Violence in the Republic of Congo erupted in the aftermath of the contested re-election of President Denis Sassou-Nguesso for a third term on 20 March 2016. Amid opposition protests on 4 and 5 April 2016, an attack on governmental buildings in the capital Brazzaville, attributed to members of an armed opposition group known as the Ninja militia, resulted in a government-led military crackdown in the Pool department. ? Severe clashes between government forces and the Ninjas have led to the displacement of thousands of people within the country. ?

On 23 December 2017 the government and representatives of the Ninja militia of Pastor Ntumi signed a ceasefire and cessation-of-hostilities agreement. ?

The government has severely restrained journalists' and humanitarian organisations' access to affected areas. Numerous reports of human rights violations, such as killings, torture, and forced disappearances, have been attributed to both parties. ?

Key figures

  • 81,000 IDPs  [?]
  • 20,000 Refugees who fled to neighbouring countries  [?]
  • 160,000 People in need of humanitarian assistance  [?]

Key priorities

Nutrition and food security: A deterioration of the nutrition and food security conditions, especially in non-accessible zones, and districts where access is severely limited:  Goma Tse Tse, Kinkala, Mayama, Kindamba and Vindza, Kimba, Mbandza Ndounga and Mindouli districts.?

Protection: Extra-judicial killings, beatings, torture, and sexual and gender-based violence, committed by both parties but predominantly by security forces, have been widely reported.?

Health: Health centres lack supplies, medicine, and personnel. Fever and chickenpox are reported among children in the area. In addition, cholera and measles epidemics have reportedly resurged, affecting both the displaced and local populations. ???

Key documents