The armed conflict between the FARC and the Colombian government lasted for five decades. At the end of 2016, a peace deal was signed, putting an end to the conflict, and the FARC started the Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration (DDR process). Disarmament was completed at the end of June 2017. However, the deal has not put an end to violence, as other armed groups battle for control over former FARC territories. Forced displacement and landmine contamination are major concerns. In rural communities, armed group activity restricts movement and limits access to basic health services, crops, and labour markets, especially in the Pacific region.
Colombia also experiences frequent natural disasters, particularly tropical storms and heavy rains on the Pacific coast.
INFORM measures Colombia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 as High at 5.5/10, a slight increase from 5.4/10 in 2018. Hazard and exposure as well as vulnerability are a particular concern, at 6.8/10 and 6.2/10.
07/12: 330 people have been displaced in Bajo Baudó municipality, Chocó due to an escalation of violence between Marine Corps and the ELN. IDPs sought refuge in the neighbour community of Puerto Gálvez. UXOs and landmines in the area increase the risk of humanitarian impact. Health and food needs are particularly high. ?
30/11: Over 300 people from indigenous communities have been displaced in Suarez district, Cauca following clashes between the national army and the EPL from 30 November. Shelter and WASH needs are immediate; education and protection issues have also been identified.
Protection: Indigenous peoples and Afro-Colombians in western Colombia are particularly at risk of forced displacement and human rights abuses due to the presence of armed groups. Landmines are present in about 45 percent of Colombia's municipalities.
Access: Indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities are disproportionately affected by limited movement and access to assistance.
Information Gaps and needs
- Limited information on sectoral needs of communities affected by violence, aside from displacement and protection.
- Lack of information on food, nutrition and WASH needs.
- Lack of information on specific needs of indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities.