Overview

The conflict between the government and opposition armed groups, mainly the FARC, has led to more than 7 million people being internally displaced.  Following the peace deal in September 2016 and the demobilisation of FARC combatants, other armed groups have continued fighting for control of territory and illegal activities. Forced displacement and landmine contamination are major concerns. In rural communities, armed group activity restricts movement and limits access to basic health services, crops, and labour markets, especially in the Pacific region. ? 54% of IDPs are Afro-Colombians and 25% are indigenous people. ? There are also an estimated 1.1 million Venezuelans in Colombia and most of them do not have adequate access to food, health, shelter and are also at risk of protection issues.

Colombia experiences frequent natural disasters. The rainy season from May to November typically results in flooding in many regions and thousands of people in need of shelter and NFIs. The Caribbean coast and Andean regions are usually the most affected by floods and landslides. El Niño phenomenon has also affected Colombia in the past with the country experiencing drought and forest fires.

INFORM measures Colombia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 as High at 5.5/10, a slight increase from 5.4/10 in 2018. Hazard and exposure as well as vulnerability are a particular concern, at 6.8/10 and 6.2/10. 

Latest Developments

05/02: Fighting between the ELN and government forces on 23-24 January has displaced 145 people from Buena Vista, Norte de Santander. IDPs are being sheltered in a local school with inadequate WASH facilities increasing the risk of communicable diseases spreading. ?

05/02: 200 people were displaced in Corinto, Cauca after clashes erupted between the ELN and a FARC dissident group. Needs include protection, shelter, physical and mental health assistance, and education. More than 400 people are also affected by mobility constraints.?

16/01: Clashes between unidentified armed groups in Tumaco, Narino on 16 January displaced 700 people and affected 144 with mobility restrictions. Urgent needs include protection, food, shelter, and mental and physical healthcare.?

15/01: Clashes between the AGC and Los Caparrapos between 15 and 16 January have displaced 192 people from San Antonio in the rural area of Taraza, Antioquia. 95 people are in a temporary shelter while others are staying with families and friends. Needs include: food, water, WASH, and NFIs. Psychosocial support and school kits are also required. ?

10/01:  Ongoing clashes from 10 January in San Calixto, Norte de Santander have displaced 400 people from La Primavera. They took refuge in the local school but are at risk of being further displaced due to fighting close to the facility. High mobility restrictions and access to food and medicines are reported between San Calixto and La Primavera. ?

Key figures

  • 7,000,000 People in need  [?]
  • 1,900,000 PIN Refugees and Migrants  [?]
  • 145,000 IDPs 2018  [?]
  • 3,100,000 Protection  [?]

Key priorities

Protection: Indigenous peoples and Afro-Colombians in western Colombia are particularly at risk of forced displacement and human rights abuses due to the presence of armed groups and landmines. Venezuelan migrants and refugees are also a very vulnerable group, often discriminated against and subjected to violence and exploitation.

 

Information Gaps and needs

  • Limited information on sectoral needs of communities affected by violence, aside from displacement and protection.
  • Lack of information on food, nutrition and WASH needs.
  • Lack of information on specific needs of indigenous and Afro-Colombian communities.
Key documents

Indigenous and Afro-descendant territorial rights

30/11/2015

Colombia: Restoring the Land, Securing the Peace

Colombia

30/10/2015

Humanitarian Needs Overview